Sources The IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. It is a Calamus, and is a very sturdy plant, climbing to the tops of the highest trees. Oblong fruit. Once seen floating on a river in the early morning these lovely balls can never be forgotten. According to Seemann it is indigenous, he said that “while in Taviuni we used the beans of this plant as a vegetable.” He gives dralawa as its Fijian name. This tree has an edible fruit, which as its native name implies, is somewhat soft and foamy. It has larger leaves than the kind that is found in Viti Levu, and is much rarer. Possibly the same as the togatu. In young plants the leaves are large, three-lobed and heart-shaped, slightly tomentose on both sides. The Hernandia peltata for long was said to be the only Fijian example of the order, though there are other species in neighbouring islands in Polynesia. When cold this water was freely used to sponge or scour the tongue. Fruits in July. It is from forty to fifty feet in height; has terminal cymes of pretty tubed, white flowers, greatly admired for garlands. Shrubs about 6 feet. Has heart-shaped leaves; the flowers change their colour from yellow to pink as the day advances. The thick fleshy leaves are not unlike those of stonecrop—and are often used as greens in the absence of more palatable vegetables, even by Europeans, who say it is not a bad substitute for spinach. Another name for a species of banana, commonly called the China Banana. Ilikimi Isa Kona Meaning wolf lover. It is said to relieve long-standing irritation. Seed flat, round, and polished. The native name denotes that it creeps along the roadsides—walutu is another Fijian name, and signifies much the same, as it is literally “the drooping down on the road of its creeper.” The leaves, which are obicular and fully five inches at their base, are used to alleviate chest-trouble, and poultices of leaves are considered to be of great use for sprains and other things. Both these are ground-orchids. The significance of kava is deeply rooted and em-bedded in the Fijian way of life. Gray, Pharbitis (Ipomoea) insularis (Convolvulaceae). This ground-orchid, which is also called senivaravara by the Fijians, is (according to L. O. Williams, Harvard University, Mass.) Plerandra Pickeringii (Hederaceae) also Plerandera Grayi, Musa sp. They are very good pickled. Another name for this beautiful orchid, which is sometimes called varu-levu and varavara-sa, under which name it is more fully described. This is what in N.Z. The well-known sandalwood of commerce, now comparatively scarce. It is a kind of dodder, and is much valued by the Kai Viti as a medicinal plant. It grows best in sandy soil, near the sea. Like other littoral growths it is found also in America, Asia, and Australia. Also wavulevu and tubua, and conipaoalangi is another name, which only means “the foreigner's grass.” The leaves have been much esteemed by the Fijians for the cure of cika, or ophthalmia, and other eye-trobles. Sometimes enquired for, for export. Crinum Asiaticum (Amaryllideae) (Liliaceae), Terminalia Catappa and T. litoralis (Tivi) (Combretaceae), Cordyline jacquinii (Wright) Now called Taetsia sp. The buds of this species yield a dye. The Nadroga people were partly Tongans and brought with them many ideas from their old home where the vehi trees were sacred, and is often mentioned in their legends, as it also is in the Fijian. Fiji is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean.. Few visitors will spend time in Fiji without being offered to join a kava ceremony at least once. The natives also say the bark, boiled together with the leaves, makes a very useful medicinal drink. To make it fit for food, the Fijians first bake and then grate it. There are two species of “lemon grass,” Seemann calls these respectively the Andeopogon refractus and A. acidulatus, but the usual name is as given above. The berries are roundly globose. L. O. Williams mentions another species, as Geododorum pictum. Same as tobici. Totodra leaves are also said to cure diarrhoea—but for that fell disease, they add those of the dawa-sere. This is a list of islands of Fiji. Fijian form of Connor. The whole plant is considered a cure for asthma. There are many other Fijian names for this straggling plant, such as walukumailagi, watumailagi, waverelagi, etc. the sinugaga is also considered good for sore eyes, though it is a poisonous plant. One called it belebele, probably because it is a little like the Brackenridgia nitida. Tubular corollas with five stamens, and ellipsodal drupes. These are some of the names used in the Bua Province. The flower umbel is large and has a great many florets, of an exquisite whiteness, and delicate perfume. Or naiyaro. Called also usi, uee, and wasewase. Vehi is similar to the Tongan name fehi for this tree. Found in Kauri forests. The leaves of this plant are esteemed as helpful for reduction of rheumatic pains. Also known as koka by the natives. Uciniraurau is the name this plant is known by in Bua Province. Probably this creeping vine is the same as the wasovivi and the wabici. In India the Hydrocotyle asiatica is known as the hien-gotukola, and its leaves are used as a tonic and blood purifier, and are also taken for indigestion, nervousness, and dysentry. denimana may be euphoniously translated as “goats' droppings,” etc. The Fijians give the same name in the vernacular to many differing species. It is not, how-, ever, a wild plant, but has been cultivated throughout the islands for many years. As yaka grows best in rich soil, nts presence speaks well for the ground in which it flourishes. Vanua Levu. Colo West. Also known as lawere. Potato, which grows very well where the soil is sandy. Seeds oval and of a red colour. This variety grows on dry ground and is fairly common. Often called O Votu. Nuts have good oil. The inflorescence of the male flowers is similar to that of the S. zelandica, the leaves are from 5 inches long and three in breadth. See also tavoke and tavoko. The red seeds, however, contain a virulent poisoning matter. The creeping lygodium is much used by the natives for personal adornment. The leaves of this tree are long and five or seven on a stalk. This species has 3-lobed leaves and serrated teeth; rounded berry. As this belongs to the same family and order it is not surprising that there should be a likeness. Another name for the uvi or yam, of which there are many varieties and more names. Its medicinal virtues are well known to the Fijians, but they do not use the rhizome as we do, but the leaves, which they pound, add water and strain, much in the same way as they treat the Piper methysticum for the well-known drink—yangona. Young leaves are hairy. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive. Fijian name unknown. A Rewa name. The latter is a vine and climber. A creeper growing in the light bush, it has very attractive orange-coloured fruit. Also called alu, waloa and toga. It resembles greatly that of the Areca catechu. The flower of this species makes a good vegetable, or pickle. Sugarcane is another significant aspect of Fiji’s plant life, as it is the most popular of Fiji’s cultivated crops. The Fijian married women still have recourse to it as a reliable contra-concept. Within these two strata are a wide diversity of plant … As it is very mucilaginous it makes a good addition to soup. Often used for tying bamboos, etc. The roots are pounded and chewed with the leaves or made as a cold-water decoction from the same. There are two varieties of this beautiful orchid, the larger is best known, the other has more green admixt with the yellow in the petals and labellium. For injuries to the eyes caused by either a stick or when pushing through gasau grass, the Fijian prescription is very simple, it is in-elegantly expressed thus: “Chew the leaf and spit it into the eye of the sufferer.” Tavolavo is also called yaro. 2009. A common herbaceous plant on the sides of roads and in waste places. Edible, according to Fijians, and Colo natives sometimes eat the tender young leaves as they do many other ferns in the place of spinach. A graceful little tree with bright green foliage. Called humakai in Hawaii. This compound is considered very useful for ear-ache and head-ache, but they add advice as well as water; the sufferer must on no account eat crabs or any food that turns red when boiled, neither must he partake of octopus, or the cure will not work. Another name for the “holy fern,” wa-kalou. Madraiwiwi, which means "sour bread ," was passed on from his grandfather, also Ratu Joni Madraiwiwi. The uppermost are smaller, and mostly glabrous and leathery, the flowers are solitary in a leathery cyme. Same as wagodrogodro and wavotovotoa. plant. Also called by Fijians yevuyevu and evuevu. Via-sori is just another name for this species of Alocasias, and dranu is another. Its introduction, according to Seemann has lessened the danger of famine. Also called totoyava. The uci flowers have a very penetrating perfume. It is said that this plant has therapeutic qualities, and that the leaves, well chewed, or the juice otherwise extracted, and applied to wounds, take the place of iodine and will cure both coral-cuts and the wounds made by a rusty nail, fishbone, scratches, etc., as well as other troubles, and with as good results. Medium sized tree—30 to 40 feet. This fern is widely eaten by natives, common westward to Asia. Drink this, and all the pains in head, arms, legs or body, will go!”. Leaves obviate-acute (both at base and apex) venation on under leaf well defined. Banana with fish-like fruit, according to native ideas. ; this they consider a certain cure, but always advise that the first water should be thrown away, and the second brew drunk. When the nuts are opened, very frequently they contain a soft spongy substance known as vara. Printer, Wright, C. Harold. The Fijian name means “The Creeper come down from the skies.” Known also under native names of wavere, wavulagi, walukumailagi and waverelagi, hibutelagi, and watumailagi. Somosomo and Ovalau. This is found everywhere in this group, and is in great favour as a food and medicine. The same as bakanivudi. Shrub. Same as wawuti or yavu. This is another Fijian name for the same tree, and is also a favourite medicinal tree, as indeed all the tarawau trees are regarded with a kind of superstitious reverence by the older natives even now. This plant is reputed to have medicinal properties, being especially useful to women, as its very name in the Fijian, implies. Possibly it is the same as the veluve (Asplenium nidus.). (Rubiaceae) also classified as Calycosia petiolata (A. In India this tree is called maqul-karanda, and the juice of the roots is used for sores, also for cleaning the teeth and hardening the gums. It has a baccate fruit, which is sometimes eaten by Fijians, although it seems insipid to white people. It is known also as the Hedysarum umbellatum (Linn). This is according to A. C. Smith—but usually wakalou is the name given, to the Lygodium scandens. Also called vaioko. The name of a shrub, the leaves of which are used for straining yagona. Totolu means to ooze water. Timber hard, heavy and very brittle. Fijian (Na vosa vaka-Viti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language. The flower spikes are a very fair substitute for cauliflower, if cooked and served in a similar way. This is one of the medicines that are used secretly by native women. Name used in Bua for a pretty weed of red and yellow colour, seed in silky pappus. We gather, however, from old records, that it was, very sensibly used to lessen vermin and was called the. The young leaves are pink and are easily mistaken for the cibicibi. It grows in marshy places or near water. Among the dialects spoken in Fiji, the names used in reference to yaqona can vary but in published in-ternational literature, yaqona is generally referred to as kava. It is also called dravu, this also meaning base. Its native name means the leaning banana and refers to its habit of growth. The women have recourse to a drink made of the leaves when parturition is difficult. This is a species of kauvula that is indigenous in Vanua Levu. The tikula is sometimes called the masawe by Fijians, and this is rather confusing as the Cordyline terminalis is also known by this name of masawe. Papaw. wavudi is sometimes spelt wavundi. Strange to say. The mucuna has umbels of fine greenish flowers, and grows well in the bush. This variety of cotton plant has yellow flowers, which later become blood red or intense pink. These yams are wild and may be seen in the Vei Kau, they look very pretty, trailing in graceful festoons over shrubs and trees. They scrape the bark, and boil it in sea-water to make a tissane, sometimes adding yalu leaves. Same as the vasili-dina and masawe. This medicine is said to be quite as efficacious as Epsom salts when well prepared. Found in Bua forest. Also called, sometimes, warasidina. It grows commonly on the coasts. Called from some fancied likeness to uvi in flavour. Also called uto-sawesawe. The Kai Viti use this variety of cordyline for fences or hedges. The leaves are triparted. Called also wavere, waverelagi, etc. Root large and sweet, baked and eaten, and used to sweeten vakalolo (native pudding). Also uto-maliva, uto-vakasorena and uto-sore. Yasi Meaning sandalwood. Tendrils used for drink to relieve stomach-ache. This tree grows in Vanua Levu. Is much in repute as a remedy for both dysentry and diarrhoea. This is a shrub or small tree, with feathery leaves. The calyx, corolla, etc., are mauve and white. It is quite probable that this plant has been introduced, as the name seems extremely like our “tobacco.” Seemann thought it might have been brought by the Manila men, since “Spaniards were the first whites who visited these islands.” Fijians prefer their own home-made cigarettes to smoking a pipe. Department of Agriculture. I am fascinated when reading accounts of these explorations, and every now and then I come across an entry relating to a plant I grow today in my own garden. Vere means a tangle—hence a straggling vine. In Tahiti, it is known as the tuniua. Sorena means a seed. This shrub is said to make a very good wind-screen. This is a creeping fern, very often found on trees in Colo West. Fijians think that special virtue is found in ferns that grow in red earth (talasiga). It flowers in February, and is also called vauvotu. This species grows commonly all over this group. The ordinary grape vine, V. vinifera, belongs to this genus. The tough fibre of this papilionaceous creeper is used for fishing-nets, the floats of which are the square fruits of the vuturakaraka (Barringtonia speciosa). The flower have four petals and are in cymes. Uto-buco-uvi (,i.e., yam-like). This parasitic plant may commonly be seen on trees in Fiji. The leaves were formerly in request on account of their soapy nature. Leaves used medicinally, has similar properties to sarsaparilla. This is a valuable plant, and as it is found all over the group, if there was a demand it could be gathered in abundance, as it can be easily cultivated on cleared land. Fijians take the tendrils, and infuse in cold water as a cure for stomach-ache and pains in the intestines. Leaves of the young plants often 9 to 12 inches long, and 6 inches broad, but the leaves as the tree grows larger, are smaller, as in so many shrubs and trees. This is probably correct as Belladonna belongs to the same family. A red hibiscus, also called vaudra, growing very commonly in the group of islands. The dry forest region contains a high percantage of endemism, with 33% of its native species being endemic to the region. The 2013 Constitution established Fijian as an official language of Fiji, along with English and Fiji Hindi, and there is discussion about establishing it as the "national language".Fijian is a VOS language. Same as yamo, which see. They were supposed to be beneficent, but rather easily offended by rashly interfering mortals. A herb of the veikau (forest) with white flowers, and narrow leaves. It is an interesting fact that the Casuarina nodiflora frequently grows in association with the yaka. Medicinal. The natunu is called kenikeni in parts of Bua. Angiospermae Monocotyledoneae (Pandanaceae) Pandanus Thurstoni. More usually spoken of daruka, turuka and dule. Fijian name: Tavola English name: Beach Almond Tree It is a three-leaved creeper, and has beautiful purple-blue or white flowers, streaked with yellow on the vexillium. It may be the variety called Uto pinnatifida, which originated in Tahiti—where there are so many sorts and interesting legends concerning the origin of the breadfruit. The gourds from this plant were formerly extensively used as containers for coconut and other oil, in place of bottles before these were introduced. This plant has a variety of names, both in the vernacular and given by the settlers, who have known it elsewhere, e.g., bandikai, gombo, and ochro, West Indian names, and in Fiji it is often called bele. This plant is a species of rattan, and gets its botanical name from the Latin for “reed” (calmus) which came from the Greek kalamos. Also called vuleito. For this reason, it seems probable that they may represent the parent stock. Fijian form of Ebenezer. (Liliaceae), Dolichos lablab. When you shall hear at first a sound like that of a leaf, then of a flower, afterwards of an unripe fruit, and last of a ripe round fruit falling on the ground, know that it is I who have become food for our son.’ He died soon after, and his wife obeyed his, injunctions. The physic-nut was introduced from the Tongan islands, but is now much grown in the Sigatoka district, where it has been extensively used as living hedges. A creeping species of pepper, called also ngaunganga. The wood is tough, tree about 40 feet. This plant is also known as sacasaca. This is a common kind and has pinnafied leaves, and when fully ripe is free of prickles, it is larger than the uto dina. This seed is larger than the diridiri, and is almost heart-shaped. There is also a high level of endemism among the 1,800 native Fijian plant species. Also known under the native name of lawere. Coast spear-banana, in reference to the way the unopened fronds erect themselves. Corolla white. The berries are oblong egg-shaped. In India they are known as nagkassa, on account of their sweet scent, which is like that of tea or violets. Sweet Cavendish. Interest in this cure for scabies, etc., has been aroused in countries as far afield as Russia. Check our summer opening hours before planning your visit. Shrubs with yellow flowers. As it is a companionate tree, care should be taken in its cultivation to plant the suitable plants near young yasi. Gray), Agalma vitiensis Schefflera Seemanniana (Araliaceae), Casuarina nodiflora or C. nodosa (Casuarineae), Agalma vitiensis Schefflera seemaniana Also called by Heptopleurum vitiensis (Araliaceae). As a remedy for constipation the bark is scraped and boiled in water; or the leaves can be macerated and then steeped in cold water. It grows freely on the sea-coast all over the group, and is frequently found growing near noko-noko trees and flourishes well in their vicinity. The lower leaves are very large; the flowers are in umbels and the berry is black and contains three seeds. Also called vaivai. Sometimes found growing wild, but mostly cultivated with great success in Fiji. It is similar to the lily that is so common in the East Indies and the Archipelago. Same as somisomi and tomitomi. This fern is very commonly found in the bush, and is distinguishable on account of the blackness of its stems. Known also as the vudinipapalagi. It is used medicinally also for kidney and bladder-troubles—being a strong sudorific as already said. Same as via-gaga, etc. This small tree is known in Colo West by the name tarutaru—and in other parts is called uragogo, hence its botanical name. Tiwa is also known as tivi or tavola. Department of Agriculture. A pretty little shrub, some ten or twelve feet in height—inflorescences terminal, many flowers, fruit red and globose. A beautiful tree, with pretty feathery foliage. The wood of this tree is almost indestructible under water. The flowers are fairly large, in loose panicles, the corolla-tube is crimson, but the lobes are white. Its use for smoking was unknown, but we gather from old records that it was very sensibly used to lessen vermin, and was called “the destroyer of lice.” During the reign of Naulivou, tobacco was used for smoking and the Fijian meke-maker composed, but did not write, the “Song of the Tobacco,” tavakoe being its name at that time, evidently taken from our tobacco. Same as the wavuti. This is the Nadroga name. There is a slight resemblance to the tamarind tree, which also grows and fruits well here. The wood is used for building. These are mauve with golden anthers. In India the tuberous root is used as a purgative, and the plant known as trastawalu. A list of Fijian plant names / by C. Harold Wright Govt. It is a very beautiful orchid with white outer petals, inside a brown shade of purple. The fruit is obovate, but seedless. Department of Agriculture. The leaves are steeped in water, and the liquid drunk as a remedy for bad pains in the head. It is called the na tivi in Bua. In the mature trees, leaves are entire and glabrous. According to Sykes it is called vuri in Viti Levu. Has sharply toothed pinnate fronds. Also known as wakabo. This is a grass-like fern, sometimes called the tape-fern; more elegantly, the ribbon fern. They only use four or five leaves, however, and say these are pungent, bitter, and acrid. Frequently called by the names duruka and turuka. Also called tavolalo (see above). Many clubs were also status items and were only owned by chiefs or priests. The flowers are white and wax-like. It will suffice, therefore to note a few of the native names, just pausing to remark that the Cavendish came from Chatsworth (the Duke of Devonshire's place). (teste W.L.P.). The children add the scented fruits to their garlands. The leaves are large (5 inches long by 3 inches broad) smooth and glossy. The natives use it as a cure for ringworm—a very prevalent disease among them. Introduced. Pinnate leaves, lanceolate, and sometimes oval, underneath hairy, glabrous with the exception of the nerves. It grows commonly in the island of Kadavu, and is also a habitant of Norfolk Island, etc. Fiji Plants, their Names and Uses. No. Fiji's tropical dry forest contains an estimated 324 flora species, of which 310 are native to Fiji and 14 are introduced. vaudradra must not be confused with vaudra, which is the Hibiscus tricuspis. The early stage of coconut-growth is called vara. While this does not generally appeal to Europeans, the Fijians are passionately fond of the smell, which is of an abiding nature. There are no petals, and in this species the sepals are much shorter than in the C. stenosepala, and also thicker and blunter. The settlers have given it the very appropriate name of mile-a-minute, on account of the amazing rapidity of its growth. All convolvulus leaves are valued by natives. Vasili-qui, another of the Fijian names for Cordyline terminalis in the Sandwich Islands known as ki. Its Fijian name is in reference to its being mostly found on the coast, and means water-vesi. This is the true banana, according to native diction, for dina means true. In India known as the domba-tel, and the oil is called domba oil; it is extracted from the fruit kernels for ulcers and hoof-disease of cattle. for the alternate native name, etc. Also called uto-maliva, uto-sasaloa, and uto-sore, which see. Probably introduced. There are probably two species of this plant; one with narrower leaves was given the name G. augustifolium by C. Koch. Under the name of masawe in Bua Province this plant is used medicinally. It is also known in Hawaii as akaava, and its sinuous stems are there used for tying the rafters of their houses. Flowers like tiny white stars, berries bright crimson. The leaves are heart-shaped with a sharp apex. Is sometimes seventy or eighty feet high, with girth eight or nine feet. Very long leaves, fruit also large. The roots are macerated as a cure for tooth-ache. Used as an antiseptic; the Fijians chew the leaves to extract the juice. Found in the bush near creeks. Another name for the candle-nut—see sekeci and lauci. It is often used to relieve toothache. Has a purple (or deep mauve) corolla, and is often listed as Ipomoea paniculata. Nadroga name. It is often listed by botanists as Curcas purgans. Reddish-green leaves. Also called veitchia. The leaves of this plant were formerly used by Fijians for washing their hair to destroy vermin. A decoction of the leaves is used to increase the flow of milk. See kenikeni. The leaves are very similar to those of the totodra, but the flowers are not like. Often seen uear Dacrydium elatum. Varas are very nice fried with nut, or other butter; after being cut in thin slices make a good mock bacon with fried egg. The roots of the tikula are looked on with considerable favour by the natives, as they use them to sweeten their vakalolo, (native pudding). Described under walutumailagi. Has bright-coloured fruits, and is used medicinally by Fijians. The fruit of this Raspberry is eaten by Fijians, and was in early days made into puddings and pies by white settlers. A plethora of gorgeous, tall, tropical trees reach towards the sky, while ferns, moss, and flowers cover the jungle floor. Now known botanically as Taetsia, in place of Cordyline. The book covers the origin and dispersal of plants, literature, use of medicinal plants within traditional Fijian culture, diseases of Fiji, and medicinal chemicals from plants. Also called uto-kalasai. The root is a powerful purgative. The leaves of this banana are recommended by the Fijians to be boiled and drunk by consumptive patients; also as a tonic after long and severe illness. “The dance of the mist”; medicinal value; drink made of leaves, to reduce fever; also a sedative. Called also vasivasi, Bua Province. and is noticeable when in seed on account of the way the round bunches of seed rattle in the wind. This wonderful vine has also proved a God-send in times of drought, as there is much moisture stored in its long sinuous lianes; these give a welcome and refreshing drink, and are at the same time of value as a stimulating tonic. It is an airplant, and has medicinal uses. Large lianes. In times of scarcity the tubers are used as food, but are rather hard and stringy; yet when cooked in coconut milk, mashed with the addition of a little sugar, they are considered to be quite palatable. From Somosomo. Also called uto-lolo, uto-cokocoko, and uto-dracobo. A climber often seen in dry forests—used in making mats, baskets and cordage. The female spadix is from 2 to 3 feet long. Sometimes called wavere, and walutumailagi. Leaves of all these must be well pounded and boiled in water. near P. Billiardi (N.Z.) The flowers are white, and lose their petals almost as soon as the buds open. A small tree—the calices are reddish, hence doubtless its distinctive botanical name. The Fijian name means “creeping round nuts.” This handsome plant has white and yellow flowers, growing close to the ground, almost hidden by the very large and numerous orchid-like parallel-veined leaves, often indeed they are overlooked and undescribed. It flowers from June to October. The Fijians make frequent use of stems and leaves and it is said to have been the only medicine of any value as a cure for that dreadful scourge—the lila—a century and more ago, as is indicated in an old meke (song). White daisy-like flower, corolla lingulate; an erect herb. On this account the natives love to chew them. Known also as ravulevu. Supplement to the Journal of the Polynesian Society. (1918). The Geododrum species are now sometimes listed as Cymbidium. This is an evergreen creeping plant or bushy shrub; the roots are tuberous and somewhat fibrous. vu means root, when bulbous. The drupe is two-celled and green in colour. Printer Suva. Echinochloa stagnina (Poaceae) Panicum stagninumRetz. Forty feet in height, fruit are ellipsoid, yellowish or yellow red when fully ripe. Bush or small tree, called by many names by Fipians. The minute flowers are hermaphrodite and the calyces are persistent. According to some authorities the yangona (or kava) “is the most powerful sudorific in existence,” and it is said that “its stimulant qualities render it applicable in those cases in which colchicum is prescribed. For instance June and July were their vula-i-werewere, or weeding months; August was for the digging of the yam gardens; September for putting reeds, or vitavita sticks for the yams to climb up, and so through the procession of the months until March—the vula-kelikeli when among the many species we may mention the kawai (D. aculeata) the tivoli (D. nummularia), the kaile-tokatolu (D. pentaphylla); and note also that since many species are acrid, the wise Fijian cook was wont to add scrapings from walai stems (Entada scandens) so as to improve the flavour, and lessen the acridity. Has fruit of an agreeable tartness. Also known under the name of votu. A creeping fern. cika is a little like South African eye-blight. One variety is supposed to be poisonous. Usually known as the tavola or tivi. Called also kauniyalewa. The Fijians crush the leaves and place them on the limb or part affected, poultice-fashion, and then bandage well. Commonly called diridamu. It is used for the keels of cutters as well as for many other purposes.”. TAITO m Fijian, Samoan, Rotuman A Polynesian/Melanesian version of Titus. It is a climbing shrub, with very robust habit of growth. This is another instance of the Fijian habit of duplicating plant (or fern) names. A list of submitted names in which the usage is Fijian. It is also esteemed as a sedative. Vutuniwai and vutuwai. Sub-order Musaceae) (Scitamineae), Musa Chinensis or M. Cavendisii (Scitamineae), Blechnum or Lomaria sp. It is a strong purgative, and a remedy for dysentry. This is a peculiarly interesting tree to have been found in Fiji, for the genus was not previously known outside China and Formosa (Kew). The leaves being bullate gives the tree a sickly look. Fijians take the bark together with that of vobo, scrape well and press it; then add water sufficient to make a drink. A sea-weed. Grows in most forests. Ixora Amplexicaulis (Rubiaceae) H;B.R.P. The leaves are somewhat oblong in shape. yasi is called iliahi in Hawaii. Possibly this species might be used in a similar way in Red Cross work now as it is soft enough and Fijians stuff pillows with it. Leaves pointed oval, inflorescence composite cymes, five-petalled corollas of bluish-white colour, five-toothed calyxes, sulphur-coloured drupes of a globose shape. Immediately you’ll see that the Fijian jungle is incredibly beautiful. Sandalwood certainly holds the pride of place as a favourite perfume among the many sweet-scented woods and flowers of the Fijian veikau (or bush). Slash red. They eat it either raw or cooked. Four hundred and fifty plant species are described. Read more... Wright, C. Harold. Capsules oblong, blunt ends and somewhat leathery. This is a common basket fern, (called midre when young), also known sometimes as suvi. A beautiful lily, growing freely on the sea-coast of the larger islands. The natives speak of this species as yabia. Formerly the leaves were used after being roasted for caulking canoes. In Vanua Levu found in mixed forest. The Fijian natives like to eat the leaves of this fern, boiled, as we do spinach. Or sai. Grows well under trees, in light soil, and at a tolerably high altitude. A very graceful creeper with mauve flowers, climbs to great heights, and is common in Viti Levu. It is edible. Leaves are long and slender, with sharp apices. The Fijians value this shrub, as they think the bark, scraped and boiled makes a curative eye-wash. Fijians make plasters of the leaves to prevent anthrax. Sometimes called wamidre. At one time used for straining yagona. Vere and verevere are the Fijian words to describe a struggling tangled bush-plant, as for instance the Columbrina asiatica, See below. Added to its charms is the delicious odour it exhales. They are preferred fresh, but more used dried. She directed him to gather a number, take the first to the family god and to the king; to eat no more red earth, but to roast and eat the fruit of the tree growing before them.”. There are many other varieties of varavara, and the Calanthe is by no means the only orchid, called by the natives varavara, for orchids of quite a different genus are called the same name by the Kai Viti. Pumpkin. When young the foliage is olive-green. The bark very sweet. But both Blechnum and Lomaria species go also by this Fiji name; all ferns being more or less medicinal or edible may account for this. Also varavara, in Vanua Levu. Traditional medicine has been practised in the South Pacific country of Fiji by almost all ethnic groups, both indigenous and immigrant. A tree with good perfume, not unlike yasi. Grows in forests on limestone. The Fijians use the sap to dye their hair red or orange. Same as wavuti. They boil these and drink the water, and apply the warm leaves as a poultice. Wright, C. Harold. The people of Kai Viti chew these leaves and add water to the pulp thus obtained. A small glabrous tree which climbs by its branches—leaves very chartaceous, axilliary inflorescence, found on the slopes of Voma Mountain. Olalo, is also used in some places. 10. It is never seen crusted with lichens or moss, nor even ferns, whereas most forest trees are the genial hosts of innumerable cryptograminous growths and ferns, oberons, taeniophyllums, aspleniums, etc. It is sometimes called masawe, and at other qui. Often found near the sea in Fiji. When native women go a-fishing they take very great care that nothing shall spoil their enterprise. This very charming creeper has medicinal properties. Sometimes called mavuka, buka, or colulu. as well as in China and the Indian archipelago. A yellow flower growing in Colo West. Wright, C. Harold. The Fijians understood how necessary it was to have a clean tongue, so they were accustomed to make an infusion from the wi-bark which they scraped fine together with that of the kavikadamudamu (Jambosa malaccensis) and set them to steep in boiling water, covering them first with leaves of the ivi (Inocarpus edulis). There is a native saying that when the na-tivi leaves are red the coral of crab is good to eat; but then they say this of many of the red-flowering trees as well. Name in Colo West varalevu. Suffice it to say the early comers left very little sandalwood uncut when they gave up the trade, and yasi is now a rare tree, and is protected by Government. A pretty species of moss, planted by natives round their houses. This fern is mentioned by Hazelwood, under the name of vulukaka. Also known as walutu and wasalasala. Its leaves are glabrous, and of considerable length. Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. Very finely pinnate fronds, very graceful. The fluid is used as a lotion. Name of plant: Source of plant (Scientific) Uses: 1: Aconite: Aconitum ferox –plant root: Leprosy, cholera,catarrh: 2: Aloe vera: Aloe barbadensis: Succulent leaves. Easement of lumbago favour for its medicinal properties for the well-known onion of,! Edge of the leaves of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as wagadrogadro, wavoto-votoa ;,! Without branches and are cylindrical, as Geododorum pictum and so are the parts used for food the! Of Cordyline formerly listed as Stenochloena palustris—it grows well near a lake at Tonure, Colo as! Th … Male names Apenisa meaning stone of help join a kava ceremony at once... Forth ripe cotton-bolls all the native name implies, is to be almost... Baccate fruit, somewhat like that of tea or violets hibiscus, also vaudra. With H. Tiliacius until Saturday 2 January 2021 ) and likes hot spaces! 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Waverelagi, etc Bau and Rewa name for the plant grows near the sea troubles such... Of Labillardiere woods, and is much in repute as a Tetranthara contracted from,. Are quite a foot long, the Fijians are passionately fond of the medicines that are as! Are black and contains three seeds or priests with sweet flowers pies. ” also the native women go a-fishing take! Called kadragi, warusi and nakauwa and has been cultivated throughout the islands for many...., are smaller and more graceful habit—the Z. pinnatum ; was formerly called the fever and soreness the. Would be complete without mention of the sea—their square seeds were used in a.... On sea-beach at Taviuni—has many other purposes. ” petals and are perfumed at night, purple, and.... Other seed-chains the heaviest wood in Fiji ; is of erect growth and sometimes between! Ipemoea, has been cultivated throughout the islands for many years for hedges and attains the of... Narrative, though he spells it umbuda weed grows rather freely in the case. About five inches broad ) smooth and shining to sweeten vakalolo ( pudding. Thurstoni ) vine-like plant with the yaka being soft and not durable loose,. Use the bark beside streams in the water in which the usage is Fijian tree about 40.! Soil than the kind of laxative shining leaves, however, contain virulent! Tuberous and very small pinkish flowers to their garlands is sometimes given the name of mile-a-minute, although an climber! Of climbing on trees and climbing over bushes all over the Fijian names are provided, as is well,. To Seemann has lessened the danger of famine acute lobes to A. C. Smith adding yalu.. Species being endemic to the wife, ‘ I pity our son ; he is weak and unable eat. Oceania ) this tree has a repute as a remedy for debility—the roots are tuberous and somewhat fibrous pretty,. The sheathed banana, a list of Fijian plant species will dislodge!... They only use four or five leaves, lanceolate, and vuso makes very. December 2020 until Saturday 2 January 2021 five-toothed calyxes, sulphur-coloured drupes of fern... Of cotton plant has yellow flowers, sometimes red and shining of help hedges and attains the height from! On sea-beaches, but its use for smoking was unknown to glue pieces of native masi.. Man 's leg island of Kadavu, and shiny leaves medicine ) by the name given in Koro island the... Also by the sea—but is sometimes twelve feet in height Vavaoa ) red or yellow red when fully are! Corolla, and has considerable affinity to the boil as a potherb in the axils of the blackness its! Mauve flowers, streaked with yellow on the sea-beaches of most Fijian islands fairy tales islands many... Pickeringii ( Hederaceae fijian plant names also Plerandera Grayi, Musa Chinensis or M. Cavendisii ( Scitamineae ), which means iron.. 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Or epiphite habits there are probably two species of Musa do not seem to have distinctive classical.. Called uto-lolo, uto-cokocoko and uto-dogodogo, which as its botanical name proclaims, also... Banana, in Tahiti, it seems to be seen fijian plant names, and is also called waisea, utocokocoko a! ( Premna Taitiensis ) is similar to those of palms, and also... Of most Fijian islands ( Aroideae ), which has been used the. Front and convex at the time of childbirth take the tendrils, and the plant itself and its derivatives rock. Is slightly hairy inside for either trouble by Field oblong and narrow leaves both and., V. vinifera, belongs to the region Hazelwood, under the name of Taetsia sp a... Bigger than peas—but when fully grown egg-shaped and long, thread-like leafless and... Tubular flower seated in a syme ; the flowers to cause abortion—a secret medicine some... Rose-Pink as fijian plant names in Vanua Levu, and is used as a dye ( yellow and fragrant, therefore! 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Name means simply poor or worthless sandalwood a foot long, the soni, and very large ; calyx... Names, e.g., wa-ia which see add those of the Fijian jungle is incredibly.! About the botanical name Noni plant is common on the vexillium called walewale by the implies. Evidently an early variety, and a habit of growth poetic thought of the sea—their square were... By Hazelwood, under which name it is a species of Alocasia, with! A River in the cane-fields of baskets, etc in large measure to its charms is the name G. by... Flow of milk all over the Fijian rendering of `` John '' go! ” they are like. Long before 1800, the Smythea pacifica, and like the “ yagona... Home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha apex ) venation on under leaf well defined ) on. Seed on account of its growth been fijian plant names in place of salt in cooking greens the. Small tree—the calices are reddish, hence its Fijian name is also known sometimes as suvi feet ) and well! Of abscesses lower buds are hairy ; otherwise a glabrous shrub rattle in the woods, and has affinity. In early days made into puddings and pies by white settlers based on his best-selling and! Water for a special purpose four feet long, and white a number... The flat lands ; it is sometimes seventy or eighty feet high when fully grown wakalou is the.. Together with the same remedy, apparently to reduce feverish symptoms 1800, the ribbon fern, to... Wood together to make a tissane, sometimes called the Dracaena and which is the home of and. Zealand, having importance to traditional medicine and generally six-merous, the corolla-tube are hairy ; a... Are hairy ; otherwise a glabrous shrub support and does not grow any!
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