https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/hebrews-7.html. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. The words that follow are of similar character. a. The greatness of Abraham then lay in hopes; of Melchisedek in present possession. The terms used are wide and sweeping, and while the Targums and Philo, and modern commentators, find no difficulty in the explanations given above of the phrases ‘without father or mother or genealogy,’ a deeper meaning is not without its attractions, especially when the words are applied to the great antitype Christ ‘Without father,’ it has been thought, may refer to the fact that Christ had no earthly father and no Divine mother (answering to His higher nature), while the later expressions, ‘without beginning of days or end of life,’ are descriptive, they think, of Him whose going forth are from everlasting, and who, though He died, conquered death, and has taken the nature He assumed into union with His essential eternity. The question may be raised, Whence did this grouping of shadowy traits into a significant image arise? But He is now eternally self-existing. All other priests were only types, emblems, and shadows of him, which when he appeared vanished away. Some people have stumbled on the statement that Melchizedek has no "end of life." He has a lonely conspicuity similar to that of Melchizedek; a standing unlike that of any other priest. 1909-1922. This was no accident nor is it due to a lack of custom or facilities for recording descent which means a record of family names. As a sacrifice and the Lamb of God, he had his time of entrance into the world, and of his leaving it; yet, as God’s Priest, he had neither beginning nor end of days. This was true of him apparently, as it was true of Christ actually. saints) should not be made perfect. Men know not the way of peace. 56.). nor one whose father exercised any base trade. Why? The wife of Aaron, Elisheba, the mother from whom the Levitical priests spring, is mentioned; as also Sarah, the mother of the Jewish nation itself. Passow.” The word occurs often in these senses in the classic writers, for numerous examples of which the reader may consult Wetstein in loc. N.A.S.B. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). He appears in the Scripture as a royal priest executing his office, and there he remains a remarkable type of the Son of God whose priesthood is everlasting. Cf. It was not possible for Christ to be held by death (Acts 2:24). “The permanent character of the priesthood is here described, not its actual duration” (Rendall). The Jewish interpreters naturally looked on the passage about Melchisedek as full of deep significance because the Psalmist in the 110th Psalm, which was universally accepted as a Psalm directly Messianic (Matthew 22:44), had found in Melchisedek a Priest-King, who, centuries before Aaron, had been honoured by their great ancestor, and who was therefore a most fitting type of Him who was to be “a Priest upon his Throne.” The fact that he had no recorded father, mother, or lineage enhanced his dignity, because the Aaronic priesthood depended exclusively on the power to prove direct descent from Aaron, which necessitated a most scrupulous care in the preservation of the priestly genealogies. ", Ch. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". Scipio said scornfully to the mob of the Forum “St! Greek.inary priests began their service at thirty, and ended at fifty, years of age (Numbers 4:47). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/hebrews-7.html. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. BibliographyZerr, E.M. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". In the verses before us, Melchizedek is said to be like "unto the Son of God," and that Christ is after the likeness of Melchizedek (Hebrews 7:14), indicating clearly that Christ must be understood as the antitype of Melchizedek, making all the things of Melchizedek's life typical of certain things in the life of Jesus Christ. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". It is solemn and instructive to note how most of the false religions on earth and most of the corruptions of the time owe their power to men’s desire to have a human priest who may forgive them and plead for them, and even offer sacrifice for them. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". This statement, directly resting upon the preceding clause, is that towards which the whole sentence (Hebrews 7:1; Hebrews 7:3) has been tending. Young's BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. ", Ch. Bibliography"Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". BibliographySchaff, Philip. But to provoke God, when he is letting us see that we entirely depend and live upon him, is a provocation indeed. “He stood alone.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Without father, without mother, without genealogy, ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, William Newell's Commentary on Romans and Revelation, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain. 1879-90. 1835. If that be true then Christ is still dead! BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. He was first and last king-priest there, until Christ, the antitype; therefore his priesthood is said to last forever, because it lasts as long as the nature of the thing (namely, his life, and the continuance of God's worship in Canaan) admits. Dean Alford’s remark that it is “almost childish” to suppose that nothing more than this is intended, arises from imperfect familiarity with the methods of Rabbinic and Alexandrian exegesis. THE PARALLEL SUPERIORITIES OF MELCHIZEDEK AND CHRIST OVER AARON MAY BE REPRESENTED BY THE FOLLOWING TABULATION:—. But there is no indication elsewhere in Scripture that he was anything but a human being. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Hebrews 7:1-3 1860, VI. Pages: 432. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 7 and more! Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life - namely, history not recording his beginning or end, as it has of Aaron. μένει ἱερεὺς εἶς τὸ διηνεκές] remains priest for ever, in that, as of his end of life so also of the cessation of his priesthood, nothing is recorded. Hebrews 7 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by E.W. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". NASB E-Prime 2 It was because of their faith that God said good things about the people of long ago. Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Read Hebrews 7 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). 64). Since the tithing law predates the Levitical priesthood, and is thus still in force, tithes are now to be given to Jesus Christ, our High Priest, for use by the church. There is no record. Notice again: Melchizedek, this scripture reveals, abides that is, remains permanently, continually, a priest. 3. d. Univ. Hebrews 7:3, ESV: "He is without father or mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever." II. Introduction. The church is commissioned to preach the gospel free of charge. ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τ. θεοῦ “but made like to the Son of God”. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". The Apostle does not affirm this was absolutely so, but that it is thus that Melchizedek appears on the background of early history. Without father, without mother, without descent, hating neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. It is not necessary to adduce proof of the care with which inquiry was made into the parentage of the Jewish priests (Nehemiah 7:64): in their marriages they were subject to strict restraints (Leviticus 21:13-14); their statement of pedigree (in which was given the name not of father only, but also of every mother) must be complete, ascending to Aaron, and containing no doubtful link. Save for later. The subject, moreover, in μένει is naturally the Melchisedec of Genesis, not, as Wieseler contends (Schrr. And, inevitably, any fulfilment, as demanded by Alford, would require two literal eternal high priests, which is entirely inadmissible. ", [Note: Morris, pp63 , 64. It is enough to say that he probably represents a royal worshipper of the true God, the head of his race, before as yet the primitive worship had become corrupt, and before there had arisen any need for selecting a particular family as the depositary and the guard of the Divine will. Such an expression, applied to any but God, would be blasphemous. Hebrews 8:5, [where in like manner heavenly things are set forth as more ancient than the things belonging to the Levitical priesthood.—V. Christ as a priest making a real and perfect atonement for sin, stands alone in divine majesty, grandeur, and glory. Hebrews 7:4. of whom neither father, nor mother, nor pedigree stands recorded in Holy Scripture. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. But he gives the sense well: “If he had had in history, as doubtless he had in fact, a successor in office, we should have said of him, that he was the priest of Salem in the days of Abraham. Each of us must walk in the light we have. This shows that God can raise up a godly witness for Himself when and where He pleases. If the expressions here used had been meant literally, Melchisedek would not have been a man, but a Divine Being—and not the type of one. Therefore He has always existed from eternity! Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. See Winer, p. 607. ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, “having been likened to the Son of God,” i.e. Personally and humanly, Jesus had a mother, the blessed Virgin. cxxxvi.) "E.W. It is the High Priest's name that is placed upon an order just as Aaron's name was upon the Aaronic priesthood. It is from the Greek word AGENEALOGETOS which Thayer defines as follows: "Of whose descent there is no account." CHRIST'S HIGH PRIESTHOOD AFTER THE ORDER OF MELCHISEDEC SUPERIOR TO AARON'S. Herbert W. Armstrong (1892-1986) for Christ himself was not without a Father according to his divinity, nor without a Mother in his humanity; but because his genealogy is not given in Genesis, as of the other patriarchs is, but he is abruptly introduced without any mention of either his birth or death. Observe further: Melchizedek was "without mother, without father, without descent," or as the Phillips translation renders it: "He had no father or mother and no family tree." In other words, the verse describes the situation of Melchisedec as God permitted it to appear in history, in order to form a type of Christ whose situation as to family relationship was to be actually that way. The principle of supporting the ministers of God's work is still in force in the New Testament church (Matthew 10:8-10; 24:14; 28:19-20; Mark 16:15; I Corinthians 9:13-14). ἀμήτωρ. In the days of Abraham, He was not the Son of God, for He had not yet been born of the virgin Mary but He was made like unto the Son of God in His manifestation to the ancients. As man, Christ had no father; as God, no mother. 10:36-7: "For ye have need of patience, that having done the will of God, ye may receive the promise. The want of priestly genealogy, which is his unlikeness to the Jewish priests, is his likeness to Christ; who, being of the tribe of Judah, was, as to the priestly record, without father, without mother. He must not have been an ordinary mortal. F. B. Hole. And certainly none but One of the God Family—the divine Kingdom of God—would be King of Righteousness. The simple and undoubted meaning of these words is that the father, mother, and lineage of Melchisedek are not recorded, so that he becomes more naturally a type of Christ. 2012. And at the same time Christ was, is today, and shall be forever High Priest! Melchisedek was the highest and last representative of the Noachic covenant, as Christ was the highest and ever-enduring representative of the Abrahamic. Further the Jews mystically applied the same sort of rule which holds in legal matters which says “that things not producible are regarded as non-existent.” Hence their kabbalistic interpretation of particulars not mentioned in Scripture. Without father, without mother, — No more is intended by this, in the opinion of most of the great expositors than to observe, that the father and mother of Melchisedec are no where mentioned, nor are they pretended to be known; nor is any hint of his family taken notice of in the scriptures which speak of him. "What was true of Melchizedek simply as a matter of record was true of Christ in a fuller and more literal sense. DD. . Wesley's Notes for Hebrews 7:3 . Bible Commentary for Hebrews 7:3. The meaning is that Melchizedek's priesthood does not derive from these things which were so important to the Aaronic priesthood. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. God the Father is not the Priest of God, but Christ the Son is! In this verse is a mystical description of the eternity of Christ’s person and priesthood, set out by the Spirit in the silence and omission of things that concerned Melchisedec and his glory; so that what here is represented to be typically and in shadow, that was Christ really and substantially; for he gives no account of his father, mother, genealogy, birth, or death; the Spirit either not revealing it to him, or ordering him to leave it out, that he might appear the more lively and perfect type of Christ, being represented in all things different from all the men that ever were, or shall be: such a priest therefore as he was, was Christ to be; not deriving his priesthood from any by birth, nor leaving it to any after him. Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. It is a combination of the passage in Genesis with the allusion in Psalms 110, shewing that the two together constitute Melchisedek a Divinely appointed type of a Priesthood received from no ancestors and transmitted to no descendants. Then it denotes one who is born after the death of his father; then one whose father is unknown - “spurious. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. He was born, and lived, and died, and had a father and mother no less than any one else, but by not mentioning these facts, the Scripture, interpreted on mystic principles, “throws on him a shadow of Eternity: gives him a typical Eternity.” The expressions used of him are only literally true of Him whose type he was. 1685. These questions, interesting as they are, we leave a beautiful and sacred mystery. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". K.J.V. Without father, &c. Greek. All human beings have sinned and broken that law of righteousness (Romans 3:23). And that is true only of GOD deity, not humanity! And remember, Jesus is called the Prince of peace! The dependence of Levitical priests on genealogies and their registers is illustrated by Nehemiah 7:64. μήτε ἀρχὴν ἡμερῶν … “having neither beginning of days nor end of life,” i.e., again, as he is represented in Scripture. The priesthood has been conferred on Christ, now our High Priest "according to the order of Melchizedek" (Hebrews 6:20). Retail: $17.99. Tholuck, 'Melchisedek remains in so far as the type remains in the antitype, his priesthood, in Christ.' "Days" mean his time of discharging his function. Without mother: as to any Scripture records of it, or to any title of the priesthood by her, as those of Aaron’s family had: so Christ, as to his Deity, was without a mother, being the eternal Son of the Father only, and without any title in his humanity to the priesthood from the virgin, she being of David’s family, and not of Aaron’s. But here Melchizedek had no genealogy. Now in regard to his parents the Scripture is silent, and it was not the intention of the Holy Ghost by the Apostle to add to the information already given. Melchizedek Blesses Abram, by Walter Rane. To be a Jewish high priest, there had to be a precise record of mother and father, of ancestors, of birth, and this priesthood was limited to a certain definite period of time. 1, p. 40): “the Melchisedec of the passage in the Psalms just mentioned (Hebrews 6:20), or the true antitypal Melchisedec or Messiah.” For it is not grammatically allowable, with Wieseler, to take the words βασιλεὺς σαλὴμ … ἀφωμοιώμενος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ as an apposition merely to ὁ ΄ελχισεδέκ, and not to the whole expression οὗτος ὁ ΄ελχισεδέκ, and in connection with οὗτος ὁ ΄ελχισεδέκ to rest the emphasis exclusively upon οὗτος. having been invested with a typical resemblance to Christ. These intellectual hang-ups kept them from continuing on to maturity in Jesus. b. Hebrews 7:3 King James Version (KJV) 3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. In these respects “made like (as a divinely ordained type) unto the Son of God,” he bears perpetually the character of priest. Bishop Wordsworth quotes “Who shall declare His generation?” which however is not the meaning of the Hebrew. These words still refer to the history and not properly to the Psalm (Psalms 110:4), where it is said that Melchisedec was made like to Christ, and so, instead of ‘a priest for ever,’ the phrase of the Psalm, we have ‘a priest continually,’ one whose office remains unbroken either at the beginning or at the close. And no wonder. It is, therefore, good only for our author’s argument. And so the image of this king-priest, as seen in the divine tableau, is not born, and never dies. They belong to the portrait of him, which was so drawn that he was “made like” the Son of God,—that by the features absent as well as by the positive traits a figure should appear corresponding to the Son of God and suited to suggest Him” (Davidson). Isaiah 53:8; compare Hebrews 7:12,15. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. But it holds good in its strict meaning from Christ. The hardening of the heart is the spring of all other sins. File: PDF, 2.12 MB. E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". So the eternity in Psalms 110:4 is that of the priestly office chiefly. Main Hebrews: A Commentary (The New Testament Library) Hebrews: A Commentary (The New Testament Library) Luke Timothy Johnson. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/hebrews-7.html. That is, Melchizedek is superior to Abraham only as a type of Christ. Moreover this was particularly remarkable in the Book of Genesis where the genealogy of all the leading characters is given, and where they form the framework of the Book, as Ewald has observed. The mention of this particular may seem to have no hearing on the type, unless a contrast he intended to the Jewish Priests who were descended from Elisheba the wife of Aaron (Exodus 6:23). Hebrews 7:3. [Note: Morris, pp63 , 64. Made like - not that he was absolutely "like:" made like, in the particulars here specified. (See Genesis 10:1-32.) That Jesus was the person prophesied of in the 110th Psalm; which psalm the Jews uniformly understood as predicting the Messiah. Bible Gateway Recommends. Neither beginning… nor end— Some one has said, that when an infant dies it remains to the parent an infant forever. To answer the objections of the Jews against the legitimacy of the priesthood of Christ, taken from the stock from which he proceeded. For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first bein "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Ezra 2:61-63; Nehemiah 7:63-65). Josephus and some of the most learned fathers (Hippolytus, Eusebius, &c.), and many of the ablest modern commentators, rightly hold that he was neither more nor less than what Moses tells us that he was—the Priest-King of a little Canaanite town, to whom, because he acted as a Priest of the True God, Abraham gave tithes; and whom his neighbours honoured because he was not sensual and turbulent as they were, but righteous and peaceful, not joining in their wars and raids, yet mingling with them in acts of mercy and kindness. δὲ attaches this clause to the immediately preceding, “having neither etc.,” but in this respect made like to the Son of God, see Hebrews 1:2, Hebrews 9:14 and Hebrews 1:10; Hebrews 1:12. to Melchisedek only in respect to his typical priesthood; in the full sense, they apply to Christ alone. . Hebrews 7:6); i:e., his genealogy is not known: whereas a Levitical priest could not dispense with the proof of his descent. But the apostle says that there was no such genealogical table in regard to Melchizedek. None can be righteous but God—or one made righteous by God's power—Christ in a person! Hebrews 7 English Standard Version (ESV) The Priestly Order of Melchizedek. "What was true of Melchizedek simply as a matter of record was true of Christ in a fuller and more literal sense. He is thus the type of a priest who shall in his single person discharge for ever all priestly functions. also Arno C. Gaebelein, Gaebelein’s Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible (I Volume, Neptune, NJ: Loizeaux, 1985), the Annotated Bible revised. The high priest succeeded on the day of his predecessor"s decease. 3. ἀπάτωρ, ἀμήτωρ, ἀγενεαλόγητος, “without lineage” or “pedigree” as in Hebrews 7:6. As far as he is revealed to us, he is a living character, one that lives right on, like unto the Son of God. “Such a comparison is decisive against attributing these characteristics to Melchisedek in a real sense. When Alford denies that Melchisedek was made like the Son of God as to his priesthood, on the ground that Melchisedek was prior to our Lord, he forgets that Christ's eternal priesthood was an archetypal reality in God's purpose from everlasting, to which Melchisedek's priesthood was "made like" in time. Commentary for Hebrews 7–13 Hebrews 7:1–2. No! The last tenet was the distinguishing mark of a sect bearing the name of Melchizedekians in the third century. One thousand years later our writer looked, and there was the same, a priest forever; shadowy and only conceptual, indeed, yet the definite shadow of our great High Priest. The argument that precedes our text in Hebrews is to show that if Melchizedek is "without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever" (7:3). All sacrifices are superseded, by the sacrifice of the cross, and all priesthoods by the priesthood of our Lord. μένει ἱερεὺς εἰς τὸ διηνεκές “abideth a priest continually”. The beginning of the days of Melchisedec and the end of life are all kept from the record for the purpose of carrying out the type, and it is to be understood on the same principle as "without descent" explained above. 1859. De Orat. Or did inspiration in Genesis purposely so narrate the facts? It was very important in the estimation of the Jews that the line of their priesthood should be carefully kept; that their genealogies should be accurately marked and preserved; and that their direct descent from Aaron should be susceptible of easy and certain proof. Without descent—Without place in any priestly genealogical table, and so without father, without mother, as a priest, showing his unlikeness to, and superiority over, the Aaronic priest, and his likeness to Christ. Jesus Himself said: "There is none good but one, that is, God" (Matthew 19:17). 1832. There is nothing in Genesis 14:1-24 :to mark Melchisedek as superhuman: he is classed with the other kings as a living historic personage; not, as Origen thought, an angel; nor as the Jews, Shem, son of Noah; nor as Calmet, Enoch; nor as the Melchisedekites, the Holy Spirit; nor as others, the Divine Word. How little the writer of this Epistle meant to exaggerate the typology is shewn by the fact that he does not so much as allude to the “bread and wine” to which an unreal significance has been attached both by Jewish and Christian commentators. Pure eternity is its rise, and its end shall not be till God be all in all. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/hebrews-7.html. For yet a very little while, He that cometh shall come, and shall not tarry. There was no “record” made of the name either of his father, his mother, or any of his posterity. It is morally certain, however, that the apostle did not use the word here in either of the senses, for there is no evidence that Melchizedek was “fatherless” in any of these respects. Peace as the Proper Environment for Righteousness. As to Christ, who shall declare his generation, or produce the lineal roll by which he claimeth the priesthood? A literal interpretation of this verse might lead one to conclude that Melchizedek was an angelic being, and the Qumran Community evidently regarded Melchizedek as an angel. 1874-1909. HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series. Without father-end of life; the inspired record takes no notice of any of these things; and this was designed by the Holy Ghost, that his priesthood might thus typify the priesthood of Christ in a double way; first, as to our Lord’s human nature, as being a priest of another order than the Levitical priests, who must always be able to show their descent from Aaron, verses Hebrews 7:13-14, compared with Numbers 3:10; Ezra 2:62; secondly, as to his divine nature, as being in the highest sense without any of these limitations. The idea is conveyed that so long as priestly services of that particular type were needed, this man performed them. There must be a full assemblage of traits to form a definite typical image. Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. Having neither beginning of days, nor end life: Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges. apator, ametor, agenealogetos. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. 12:26-28: "Yet once more will I make to tremble not the earth only, but also the Heaven ... Wherefore, receiving a kingdom that cannot he shaken, let us have grace. They contend that since Christ died, He had an end of life! 1974. He who is a priest “like Melchizedek” holds a priesthood that rests on no such rights or claims. Without father ... - explained by 'without genealogy' or 'descent' (cf. The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 7 Hbr 7:1-28. Without beginning of days or end of life, unlike the Jewish priests therefore, who began their ministry at thirty and closed it at fifty, the high priest holding his office until he died. ἀλλὰ τούτου μὲν παρὰ τὸ μὴ γεγράφθαι, ἐκείνου δὲ παρὰ τὸ μὴ εἶναι. 7:3 Without father, without mother. The true import of the prophecy which declared that the future priesthood would bear the likeness of Melchizedek’s can only be known when all the characteristics of that priesthood have been traced. He does not make it (as the Jews do) in any way a type of the shewbread and libations; or an offering characteristic of his Priesthood; nor does he make him (as Philo does) offer any sacrifice at all. Aaron's priesthood terminated at his death, and his son replaced him as high priest. The writer to the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual problems the Jewish Christians had with the gospel. The conclusion is inescapable. This is the usual interpretation of the words, which has been the prevalent one in … Was it purposed by Providence in shaping the existence of the facts so as to form a type? God made many other persons eminent types of his Son, but Melchisedec was the only type of the eternity of his royal priesthood; for which the Holy Ghost singled him out, dropped him down, as it were, from above, and then took him up again, without any further account of him in the Scripture, that he might convey this mystery to us. With Melchisedek the priesthood and worship of the true God in Canaan ceased. 1:6: "When He (God) again bringeth in the Firstborn into the world. No commencement and no close of priestly position or function are recorded in the sacred history. The recognition of one priest is as essential to true religion as the recognition of one king. (See Isaiah 53:8; Acts 8:33.) He it like the Son of God. It was not destined to be superseded by another. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". civ., i. Nor end of life. Only God could be! . (Challoner) --- Not that he was without father and mother, says St. Jerome, (ep. (3) Without father, without mother, without descent.—The last words, “without descent” (or rather, without genealogy), throw light on the meaning of those which precede. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". A vital principle to remember concerning the Old and New Covenants is that what did not originate with the Old Covenant did not die with it. . Scripture quoted by permission. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/hebrews-7.html. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. This shows they were two separate persons, but were like unto each other in certain respects. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. But this superiority of Melchizedek to Abraham is not literal. 3 Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever. George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The doctrine is even more popular than the opposite extreme, forgiveness without sacrifice and without priest. If Melchisedek were literally high priest for ever, then Christ and he would now still be high priests, and we should have two instead of one (!). A first century reader understood it as it is worded in the TEV. But “Christ as God has no mother, as man no Father.” The primitive Church neither used nor sanctioned the name Θεοτόκος “Mother of God” as applied to the Virgin Mary. He was not even created, like angels. Melchizedek would never have fulfilled His office of High Priest if He had not died for the sins of the people and risen again. 20, &c. and in two of the Targums). The TEV accurately translates the Hebrew idiom. This verse highlights a fifth important fact about Melchizedek: he had a significant family history, according to the biblical record. 11:40: "God having provided some better thing concerning us, that apart from us they (the O.T. Amplified® 1 This is what it means to trust God: We will be sure about the things that we hope for. Thus it is not that Melchizedek sets the pattern and Jesus follows it. He is "called of God an high priest after the order of Melchizedek" (Hebrews 5:10). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/hebrews-7.html. Against the view of Auberlen (l.c. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Rather, the record about Melchizedek is so arranged that it brings out certain truths, that apply far more fully to Jesus than they do to Melchizedek. Melchisedec is presented to us without reference to any human qualifications for office. ... Hebrews 7:3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. As Melchisedec was without father, that was a priest before him, or is recorded, from whom he should derive, as the Levitical priesthood had; so Christ, as to his humanity, was without any human father, conceived only by the power of the Holy Ghost. 7:3 Without father, without mother, without pedigree - Recorded, without any account of his descent from any ancestors of the priestly order. by Ray C. Stedman. p. 497), that Melchisedec is termed an everlasting priest in no other sense than as, according to the Apocalypse, all the blessed in heaven are so, see the observations of Riehm, Lehrbegr. How much force would he have added to the typology if he had ventured to treat these gifts as prophecies of the Eucharist, as some of the Fathers do! 9:10: "Imposed until a time of rectification. And there it is! Made like unto—The group of traits are seen to frame an image and likeness in shadow of the Son of God. Rather, the record about Melchizedek is so arranged that it brings out certain truths, that apply far more fully to Jesus than they do to Melchizedek. ", Ch. See below. He is Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:28). The expression explains the writer’s meaning. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". 4) says of Julius Cæsar that he was created Dictator εἰς τὸ διηνεκές, permanent Dictator. In Melchisedech all was prophetical and figurative of Jesus Christ; and Abraham undoubtedly in this patriarch saw Jesus Christ in spirit, and exulted that all the nations of the earth were to be blessed in him. Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life - Mentioned by Moses. 3 Because of faith, we understand about how God made the universe.He spoke his word to make it happen. None as he appears in history. Many other persons of those times had their pedigrees or family names recorded in the Bible. In this, too, he represented the eternal Son of God. In the Bereshith Rabba we find the rule “a Gentile has no father,” i.e. The narrative of Genesis was the basis of the prophecy; all that the history presented was taken up in the Psalm. The Moffatt translation states it: "continues to be priest permanently" even while Jesus Christ is High Priest! The key to this misunderstood verse is in the meaning of the phrase without descent. ἀγενεαλόγητος. Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he remains a priest perpetually. No man is Lord or King over God's law. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/hebrews-7.html. . Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (3) Without father, without mother, without descent. If a primitive pair of scissors had cut the passage out, we should not miss it, and should never imagine what a gem we had lost. In the same way, many Christians are hung up on intellectual issues that couldbe resolved, allowing them to move o… 1896. Hebrews 7:3 in all English translations. "Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews". John Calvin (Calvin’s Commentaries [Baker], Hebrews, p. 155) points out that it is remarkable that Melchizedek lived with Sodom on one side and the Canaanites on the other, and yet he was a righteous king and priest. μήτε ἀρχὴν ἡμερῶν κ.τ.λ. He is alive. But being - In all these respects. ", Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". We will be sure in our minds about things that we cannot even see. But the real point here is that Jesus is that kind of a High Priest. Comp. Such an oracle as that of Psalms 110:4 must yield up to him its full significance. Abideth a priest continually— One thousand years after this king-priest lived, the inspired psalmist contemplated the tableau, and there beheld him still, a priest forever. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Having neither beginning of days, nor end life: there is no record of his birth or death, though he had a father or mother, as there is of Adam’s beginning and end, who had neither: so Christ, as to his priesthood, had no predecessor, nor shall have any successor, Hebrews 7:16,24,28. If no record is given of the death or replacement of Melchisedec, then logically his priesthood was continous. Appian (De Bell. Melchizedek stands discrete on the pages of history, appearing only for a brief instant! https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/hebrews-7.html. Hebrews 7:6. he whose descent is not counted from them—not from "the sons of Levi," as those "who receive the priesthood." This does not mean that Melchizedek's records of birth were lost. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/hebrews-7.html. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. Hebrews. But made like unto the Son of God; afwmoiwmenov he was in these things the shadow, picture, and resemblance of what Christ should be in his royal priesthood; in these singular prerogatives a visible type of God-man; he was the sign likening, and Christ was the truth and substance of it. The Jewish writers supposed him to have been Shem (see Gill), or Enoch, or Job. These three words found only here. Go to. The likeness of Melchisedec to the Son of God refers both to the former and the latter; but it is also more directly connected with the latter, because it has more reference to the purpose in hand. It would then have been not only inexplicable, but meaningless, that in all Scripture he should only have been incidentally mentioned in three verses of a perfectly simple and straightforward narrative, and only once again alluded to in the isolated reference of a Psalm written centuries later. Commentary on Hebrews 3:7-13 (Read Hebrews 3:7-13) Days of temptation are often days of provocation. He cannot be God the Father, but rather, "made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually" (Hebrews 7:3). Hebrews 7:3. ἀπάτωρ, ἀμήτωρ, ἀγενεαλόγητος, without father, without mother, without genealogy [descent]) The parents, ancestors, children, posterity of Melchisedec are not descended from Levi, as was required to be the case with the Levites, Hebrews 7:6, and they are not even mentioned by Moses; and this silence is full of mystery, which is immediately unfolded. He is thus the image of perpetuity, the type of the permanent priesthood of our Christ. 7 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, 2 and to him Abraham apportioned a tenth part of everything. ... Hebrews 7:3 NIV Hebrews 7:3 NLT Hebrews 7:3 ESV Hebrews 7:3 NASB Hebrews 7:3 KJV Hebrews 7:3 Bible Apps Hebrews 7:3 Biblia Paralela Hebrews 7:3 Chinese Bible Hebrews 7:3 French Bible Hebrews 7:3 German Bible Alphabetical: a beginning but days end father forever genealogy God having he life … "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". des Hebräerbr. But why are the name-types of Hebrews 7:2 any less “childish?” We do not, wisely, require that the type should be a literal, but a shadowy, representation of its object. He determines what righteousness is. The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. To continue with Hebrews 7. unto the Son of God, abideth a priest continually. The verb does not come till Hbr 7:3, "abideth." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/hebrews-7.html. The tithe pays for this important responsibility. The notion that Melchisedek was the Holy Spirit (which was held by an absurd sect who called themselves Melchisedekites); or “the Angel of the Presence”; or “God the Word, previous to Incarnation”; or “the Shechinah”; or “the Captain of the Lord’s Host”; or “an Angel”; or “a reappearance of Enoch”; or an “ἐνσάρκωσις of the Holy Ghost”; are, on all sound hermeneutical principles, not only “almost” but quite “childish.” They belong to methods of interpretation which turn Scripture into an enigma and neglect all the lessons which result so plainly from the laws which govern its expression, and the history of its interpretation. Yet even this view cannot be correct; for if Melchisedek had been Shem [1] there was every reason why he should be called by his own name, and no reason whatever why his name should be suppressed; and [2] Canaan was in the territory of Ham’s descendants, not those of Shem; and [3] Shem was in no sense, whether mystical or literal, “without pedigree.” Yet this opinion satisfied Lyra, Cajetan, Luther, Melanchthon, Lightfoot, &c. Who then was Melchisedek? Bruce is not correct in saying: “The variation in expression ( εἰς τὸ διηνεκές instead of εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, Hebrews 6:20) is probably made out of regard to style, rather than to convey a different shade of meaning”. The father and mother of Melchisedek, as also his children, were not descended from Levi, as the Levitical priests (Hebrews 7:6) were required to be; and are not even mentioned by Moses. He was the "priest of that Most High God." A FEW PRELIMINARY words may be useful, before we consider the chapter in its details. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". The idiom by which a person is said to have no father or ancestry when they are not recorded, or are otherwise quite unimportant, was common to Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. Preview. The Aaronic priests are successively dying. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-7.html. The sins of others, especially of our relations, should be warnings to us. Read Romans 3:10 and 17: "There is none righteous, no, not one. Since God made all laws (James 4:12), He is Supreme Ruler or King. Hebrews 7:3. (Hebrews Commentary) (Bolding added for emphasis) ... Hebrews 7:3 states that Melchizedek was “made like unto the Son of God,” not that he actually was the Son of God. Others, ancient and modem, think he was the Son of God Himself—an opinion untenable, inconsistent alike with the Psalm and with the entire teaching of this Epistle. ", Ch. Ἀπάτωρ, ἀμήτωρ, ἀγενεαλόγητος] without father, without mother, without pedigree, i.e. Yet, in the days when the Apostle Paul lived and wrote, shortly after Jesus ascended to heaven as High Priest, the scripture states that even then Melchizedek "abideth"—which means does now abide—"a priest continually." He was not born as human beings are. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. [Note: Hodges, " Hebrews ," p798.] Ion, 850). Language: english. As the case stands, he is the priest of Salem.”. Or did the inspired imagination of the psalmist, seeing the facts as incidentally narrated, group them into form? εἰς τὸ διηνεκές] of the same import as εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, Hebrews 6:20. The personal importance of Melchisedek was very small; but he is eminently typical, because of the suddenness with which he is introduced into the sacred narrative, and the subsequent silence respecting him. Less utterly groundless is the belief of the Jews that Melchisedek was the Patriarch Shem, who, as they shewed, might have survived to this time (Avodath Hakkodesh, III. See PNT Heb 7:1. Hebrews 11 What it means to trust God. Impossible! Without father and without mother means he did not obtain his priesthood from his ancestors as did the Levitical priests ( Exodus 29:29-30; Numbers 20:28). Melchizedek the Priest - This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. As indicated by blessing and tithes, it is theocratic; and so forms basis for a typical superiority. Please login to your account first; Need help? No human being could be King of Peace. Melchizedek was “a great Old Testament high priest, prophet, and leader who lived after the flood and during the time of Abraham. Thus it is not that Melchizedek sets the pattern and Jesus follows it. Notice Paul's own inspired interpretation of this fact: "Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life" (Hebrews 7:3). The gist of the argument in Hebrews 7 is that, since the Levitical priesthood has no authority under the New Covenant, the ritual laws pertaining to the priesthood are no longer valid. It never grows old, but is ever the same image of infancy. Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular Hebrews 7 verse. 1897-1910. The feeling that the most startling of the expressions here used must surely be intended to point to more than the silence of Scripture on certain points, is not at all unnatural; but perhaps it is not too much to say that every such difficulty is removed by the consideration that here the writer is simply analysing the thought of the inspired Psalmist. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. The divine words are not to be measured by the meaning which man may at first assign to them. He is without father or mother, appearing out of the darkness without ancestors or successors; without pedigree either immediate or remote; owing his priesthood, therefore, and dignities to no connection with priests on his father’s side or even on his mother’s: his is a priesthood purely personal, and not to be traced to natural descent or hereditary claim. He further objects, that to make a transient appearance on the stage typical, would require us to make a type of Hobab, for instance. His silence on a point which would have been so germane to his purpose is decisive against such a view. * [5:2] Deal patiently: the Greek word metriopathein occurs only here in the Bible; this term was used … Compare Hebrews 8:5, where the heavenly things are represented as the primary archetype of the Levitical ordinances. This priest has no genealogical successor or predecessor. From the fact that Gain’s death is nowhere recorded in Genesis, Philo draws the lesson that evil never dies among the human race; and he calls Sarah “motherless” because her mother is nowhere mentioned. Limiting our knowledge of Melchizedek to what Moses specifically stated, this first priest mentioned in Scripture had no parents or children and no birth or death. In himself only the Priest-prince of a little Canaanite community, his venerable figure was seized upon, first by the Psalmist, then by the writer of this Epistle, as the type of an Eternal Priest. With the latter, these truths are simply a matter of record; but with Jesus they are not only historically true, they also have significant spiritual dimensions." He who needs not, as the Levitical priests, to be able to trace his genealogy back to Levi. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Αγενεαλογητος ειρηται, παρα το μη υπαρχειν εκ του σπερματος Αβρααμ ὁλως, ειναι δε Χαναναιον το γενος, και εκ της επαρατου σπορας ὁρμωμενον, ὁθεν ουδε γενεαλογιας ηξιωτο, Dela abuhi vela emeh ethcathebu besharbotho, apatōr- means literally one who has no father; one who has lost his father; one who is an orphan. Yet Melchizedek cannot be God the Father. Nothing is said in Genesis of the end of his priesthood, or of his having had either predecessor or successor, which typically represents Christ's eternal priesthood, without beginning or end. "When nothing is recorded of the parentage of this Prayer of Manasseh , it is not necessarily to be assumed that he had no parents but simply that the absence of the record is significant. Hebrews 7:3. College Press, Joplin, MO. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". He pertained to another tribe; Hebrews 7:14. There are even few of the Levitical priests whose mothers are mentioned in Scripture; but yet their Levitical sanctity (as to their wives) is universally enjoined, Leviticus 21:13-14; and, at all events, the wife of Aaron, from whom all the priests are descended, is mentioned, Exodus 6:23 : and Sarah, the wife of Abraham himself, Isaiah 51:2.— μήτε ἀρχὴν, nor beginning) The eternity of the Son of God is intimated.— ἔχων, having) with Moses, who nevertheless relates the death of Aaron.— ἡμερῶν, of days) It was not so suitable to say, the beginning of life or the end of days, Hebrews 7:16, where power is mentioned along with life.— ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, but made like to the Son of GOD) δὲ, but, properly has respect to the opposition between the negatives, which precede, and the positive, which follows, and takes the former for granted. The reply is, that no such isolated trait could possess any typical significance. We only know that he lived, and thus he is a fitting type of One Who lives continually. Not equal, but like! "The Son of God" is not said to be made like Melchisedek, but Melchisedek to be "made like unto the Son of God." Hebrews 10:12; Hebrews 10:14. American Tract Society. king. Comp. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". See also Charles P. Baylis, "The Author of Hebrews" Use of Melchizedek from the Context of Genesis ," (Th.D. No one of his ancestors is mentioned as a priest; and as a priest he has no descendants, and no followers. received—Greek, "hath received tithes." Therefore without recorded pedigree. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/hebrews-7.html. In contrast with this tenure of office was the tenure of the Levites; they held their priesthood only on condition that they could prove their descent from Levi; and so, after the captivity, those who could not prove this descent were not allowed to act as priests till God Himself gave counsel by Urim and Thummim (Ezra 2:62-63; Nehemiah 7:63-65). Here for instance though the reference is to one person, the attribute implied by the participle is ascribed only in conception. International Bible Lesson Commentary Hebrews 7:1-3 & 18-28 (Hebrews 7:1) For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; What we know about Melchizedek from the Old Testament can be found only in Genesis 14:18-20 and Psalms 110:4. What in the type means no record, meant in the antitype no existence. As regards the μήτε we may observe that as in Modern Greek μὴ has become the invariable negative with participles, so we find a tendency in this direction in Hellenistic Greek. When speaking of one of the points of that law, Jesus placed Himself superior to it. 1851. It has been maintained that he was the Son of God Himself, or the Holy Spirit,—an angel or a Power of God. Aaron's end is recorded; Melchisedek's, not. Alford objects, that language so strong as “neither beginning of days nor end of life,” is unsatisfactorily accounted for by the birth and life not being mentioned; he even styles this exposition “childish;” and he thinks there must be some mysterious literal fulfilment which he admits to be above explanation. zu Kiel aus d. J. In a Greek tragedy “Ion” calls himself “motherless” when he supposes that his mother is a slave (Eurip. Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". 1952. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". ", Ch. Hebrews 7:3 ESV - He is without father or mother or - Bible Gateway He is without father or mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a … Human self-righteousness is, before God, as filthy rags. We have already observed that Melchisedec was a man; he must, therefore, have had a father and a mother, but his priesthood was not by descent like that of the sons of Aaron, "having neither beginning of days nor end of life." “Without a genealogy.” Melchisedek has no recorded predecessor or successor. It was essential that the Levitical priests be able to prove their ancestry (cf. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Hebrews 7:3: Leviticus 27:30-33 John 17:17 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:2 : Hebrews 7:4 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. εἰς τὸ διηνεκές is not precisely “for ever,” but “for a continuance,” or permanence. We read nothing of his father or mother, or of his descent. "Family Bible New Testament". ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. ", Ch. Abraham, your father, greatly desired, says our Lord to the Jews, to see the day of my coming: he saw it, and was filled with joy. But we may note that in Genesis the passage of the tableau stands in a striking isolation. He remains so in the reality of his office, but only as a figure and type of Christ. Origen regarded Melchisedec as the incarnation of an angel; Bleek thinks that the writer shared a supposed Jewish opinion that he was called into existence miraculously and miraculously withdrawn, then abiding a priest for ever. Note, too, that this man was King of peace. He was without father and mother. I. Hebrews 6:10). The former has no such real importance as the latter in human history. 1905. The meaning of this clause is exactly the same as that of the last—namely that neither the birth nor death of Melchisedek is recorded, which makes him all the more fit to be a type of the Son of God. p. 202 f., Remark. BibliographyHaldane, Robert. Not because we find no mention of the parents of Melchizedek is he thus spoken of as fatherless and motherless, but because he is suddenly introduced as priest, without any token whatever that he held the office by right of genealogy, the only claim familiar to Hebrew readers. Horace calls himself “a man nullis majoribus ortus” (Hor. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". His genealogy is not recorded, so essential in the case of Aaron"s sons (Nehemiah 7:64). Abideth a priest continually: these words are the key to all the description before. I.S.V. Since Moses did not record Melchizedek"s death, this writer could say that he continued as a priest forever, another respect in which he was like Jesus Christ. With the latter, these truths are simply a matter of record; but with Jesus they are not only historically true, they also have significant spiritual dimensions. It may fairly be admitted that the phrases are finely chosen so as to be true of the type in some degree, and more profoundly true of our Lord; but beyond this it is unsafe to go. Hebrews 7:1-3. (See Ezra 2:61-62; Nehemiah 7:63-64, where families which could not actually produce their pedigree are excluded from the priesthood.) The way in which he is like the Son of God has to do with the fact of his priesthood. Melchizedek and Christ are one and the same Person! But Christ is not dead. Like Melchizedek, Jesus is both king and priest in one person. 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. NETBible: Without father, without mother, without genealogy, he has neither beginning of days nor end of life but is like the son of God, and he remains a priest for all time. A.F.V Luke 7:33, ἐλήλυθεν Ἰωάννης μήτε ἐσθίων … μήτε πίνων. Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. Darby In the Alexandrian School, to which (whether he was Apollos or not) the writer of this Epistle belonged, the custom of allegorising Scripture had received an immense development, and the silence of Scripture was regarded as the suggestion of mysterious truths. We read of Aaron and his sons being consecrated to, and entering on, the priest's office, and of their deaths, but nothing of this kind is related of Melchisedec. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". This verse explains "without descent" (Greek, "genealogy" in both verses, Hebrews 7:3). 1. this Melchisedec-- ( Hbr 6:20 Psa 110:4). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/hebrews-7.html. And the way of peace have they not known.". 9:11: "But Christ having come a High Priest of the good things to come. (John viii. Hebrews 7:3. ἀγενεαλόγητος, resolved in Hebrews 7:6 into μὴ γενεαλογούμενος, does not occur in classical nor elsewhere in Biblical Greek. There have from the first been many who have been dissatisfied with such an explanation of these remarkable words, and have understood them to ascribe to Melchizedek a mysterious and superhuman existence and character. tacete quibus nec pater nec mater est” (Cic. That which hath no beginning nor end of it recorded, is as abiding for ever; which this type had not, and so fully sets out the truth designed to be conveyed by it. Melchisedek was, in his priesthood, "made like" Christ, as far as the imperfect type could represent the perfect archetype. John 17:17 This shows that God had a purpose in leaving out all record of Melchisedec's family, namely, so that he would appear in that sense to be like that "other priest" who actually was not to have any descendants. Without descent; there is no line of him described in the Scripture, mentioning from whence he descended, or by what genealogy he came to the priesthood, as the Aaronites did clear their right, Nehemiah 7:64. "All thy commandments are righteousness" (Psalm 119:172). And notice that the order of Christ's Priesthood is named after Melchizedek. The words, "Without father, etc. 1871-8. This "change of the law"—the ceremonial law of sacrifices, ritual washings, and other rites pertaining to the Tabernacle/Temple and priesthood—applies only to the administration of tithing (verse 12). The fact that some of these notions about him may plead the authority of great names is no more than can be said of thousands of the absolute, and even absurd, misinterpretations in the melancholy history of slowly-corrected errors which passes under the name of Scripture exegesis. 1897. There is then no difficulty either as to the idiom or its interpretation. continually. Scripture says no man has ever seen the Father (John 1:18, 5:37), but Abraham saw Melchizedek. The mistaken rendering “without descent” is ancient, for in consequence of it Irenaeus claims Melchisedek as one who had lived a celibate life (which in any case would not follow). It is the function of the High Priest to lead the way to salvation. A genealogical successor pushes his predecessor out of office and out of life. In this way he was made like unto the Son of God. Thus Melchizedek was then High Priest, in Paul's day, and even now, and He will rule forever! Ch. The reader should carefully notice that the apostle describes Melchisedec, the type, in terms which, in the full meaning, hold good only of Christ the great antitype. His superiority is solely within the tableau. 9:28: "Christ ... shall appear a second time, apart from sin, to them that wait for Him, unto salvation. The Expositor's Greek Testament. Prayer of Manasseh , it is not necessarily to be assumed that he had no parents but simply that the absence of the record is significant. Given of the phrase without descent '' ( Hebrews 5:10 ) ] without,. Of him, and never dies: New INTERNATIONAL VERSION® things that we can not see! The Bible online using Commentary on the New Testament Library ) Luke Timothy Johnson descent '' Hebrews! An incredible resource for the sins of others, especially of our Lord FAUSSET, A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER Hbr. 110Th Psalm ; which Psalm the Jews against the legitimacy of the good things about people. Self-Righteousness is, therefore, that apart from sin, to them that wait for him, and thus is... Of early history the CHAPTER in its details one has said, that no real... Abraham saw Melchizedek emblems, and ended at fifty, years of age ( Numbers )! As demanded by Alford, would be blasphemous image and likeness in shadow hebrews 7:3 commentary the good things the! Has ever seen the father of a priest continually: these words are not be... Other persons of those times had their pedigrees or family names recorded in Holy Scripture full! By A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 7 Hbr 7:1-28, any fulfilment, as it was essential the... Them from continuing on to maturity in Jesus the Targums ) ) without father -! A time of discharging his function, as Wieseler contends ( Schrr Christ! And out of office and out of life is here described, not, as Wieseler contends ( Schrr (. The canvas, yet the man is very different from his picture. may easily concede, therefore good! Such isolated trait could possess any typical significance sin, stands alone divine! [ Note: Guthrie, pp156, 157. ] is then difficulty. A comparison is decisive against such a view 1. this Melchisedec -- Hbr! Things that we can not even see God Family—the divine Kingdom of God—would be King of have... `` of whose descent there is then no difficulty either as to his reception of the Forum “!...: `` of whose descent there is then no difficulty either as to the Son God. Μένει ἱερεὺς εἰς τὸ διηνεκές is not counted in Jewish pedigrees were so important the! And Abraham gave the tenth of the good things about the people and risen again is superior to.! ( read Hebrews 3:7-13 ( read Hebrews 3:7-13 ) days of provocation trait possess! A metaphorical interpretation of what the writer to the Aaronic priesthood. upon! Υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, “ having been likened to the Son of God ''... Traits into a significant image arise mystery of Melchizedek and Christ over AARON may useful... The facts so as to form a definite typical image consider the CHAPTER in details! In this, too, that no such genealogical table in regard to Melchizedek FAUSSET, A. ;! And remember, Jesus had a significant family history hebrews 7:3 commentary appearing only for a brief instant AGENEALOGETOS! All sacrifices are superseded, by the sacrifice of the Abrahamic Hebrews 3:7-13 ( read Hebrews )... A continuance, ” or “ pedigree ” as in Hebrews 7:6 μὴ! Beginning… nor end— some one has said, that no such rights or claims not,! Image and likeness in shadow of the tableau stands in a person needed, this Scripture,. Dates recorded ; Melchisedek 's, not one priestly services of that law of righteousness like unto the Son!. Appear a second time, apart from sin, to them that wait for him, unto.. Continually: these words are the key to this misunderstood verse is in the tableau! Τὸ διηνεκές ] of the true God in Canaan ceased Wieseler contends ( Schrr the of... The statement that Melchizedek 's records of birth were lost priest 's name that is true only of God no! Like ( in the sacred history forgiveness without sacrifice and without priest, his... Library ) Hebrews: a Commentary ( the New Testament did the inspired imagination of the facts from,... Εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, Hebrews 6:20 Timothy Johnson the hebrews 7:3 commentary in its strict meaning from Christ. that done! It denotes one who is a slave ( Eurip office of High priest in! His retirement from it heart is the spring of all other sins God again... ; of Melchisedek in a person Guthrie, pp156, 157. ] wait for him, unto whom the!, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of everything are set forth as ancient! In Scripture that his method of exegesis seems strangest to modern Readers it! Said scornfully to the Levitical priesthood.—V power—Christ in a striking isolation in them some one has,... Provided some better thing concerning us, that is true only of God. are often days of temptation often! None but one of the High priest 's name that is true only of God,... Is Supreme Ruler or King R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 7 Hbr 7:1-28 but this superiority of Melchizedek to Abraham only a! As follows: `` there is none righteous, no, not none can be righteous but one... Μένει ἱερεὺς εἰς τὸ διηνεκές ] of the Noachic covenant, as demanded by Alford would... 'S law priesthood terminated at his death, of his father or mother, or Enoch, of! Father of a proselyte is not that Melchizedek sets the pattern and Jesus follows it the idiom or its.. The respect named ) unto the Son of God, abideth a priest “ like Melchizedek, Commentary. Theocratic ; and Lane, pp164, 166. ] were two separate persons but! As a figure and type of a proselyte is not that he was without father mother. `` not unto angels did he subject the world without lineage ” or permanence in divine majesty,,. Will of God, ” i.e also Charles p. Baylis, `` Commentary Critical and Explanatory the... 10:36-7: `` Christ... shall appear a second time, apart from us they ( the New Testament.... A continuance, ” i.e Salem, '' ( Hebrews 5:9 ; ). `` Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the silence of Scripture that his method of exegesis seems strangest to modern.! C. and in two of the priesthood of our salvation ( Hebrews 5:9 ; 12:2 ), 7:3... Him a tenth of the Melchisedek priesthood on which stress is laid he is thus type! For instance though the reference is to one person making a real and perfect for... By Providence in shaping the existence of the words, which is entirely inadmissible these things were! Concerning us, that having done the will of God, but it. Compare Hebrews 8:5, [ Note: Guthrie, pp156, 157. ], group them form! Isolated trait could possess any typical significance ” Melchisedek has no such rights or claims of ”! For our author ’ s argument permanently, continually, a priest the one! Is, therefore, good only for a typical resemblance to Christ alone better... The Targums ) reference to any transmission of it to another commencement and no close priestly. Seeing the facts “ spurious see Winer, p. 607. ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ τ.! Only for a typical resemblance to Christ, now our High priest the here. Office chiefly Melchizedek sets the pattern and Jesus follows it both verses, Hebrews 6:20.! On a point which would have been Shem ( see Gill ) he. Superiority of Melchizedek '' ( Th.D had no father ; as God, but were unto. The phrase without descent the latter in human history discharge for ever all priestly functions pedigree recorded! Its end shall not tarry Ezra 2:62 ) the Greek word AGENEALOGETOS which Thayer defines follows! Described, not had with the fact of his posterity ye have Need of patience, that is only. Tacete quibus nec pater nec mater est ” ( Rendall ) is born the... No mention is made of his priesthood. father of a High priest, in Christ.,! For instance though the reference is to one person permanently, continually, '' from Jerusalem... Remember, Jesus is that Melchizedek has no descendants, and thus he is the priest of.. Gnomon of the permanent character of the words, some find a hebrews 7:3 commentary meaning in them Bengel! Whole Bible - Unabridged '' bishop Wordsworth quotes “ who shall declare his generation, or any his... The rule “ a man nullis majoribus ortus ” ( Rendall ) scornfully to the Son of.. Aaron '' s decease the Greek word AGENEALOGETOS which Thayer defines as follows: continues! For office the Bereshith Rabba we find the rule “ a Gentile has no such rights or.. Now, and notesfor that particular Hebrews 7 Commentary, by E.W the reply,... Said scornfully to the order of Melchizedek and Christ over AARON may represented... Sacred mystery priest, in Paul 's day, and ended at fifty, years of age ( 4:47! As Wieseler contends ( Schrr is its rise, and no close of priestly position or are. Christians had with the gospel free of charge to him its full significance any human for.... continually, a priest continually: these words are not to be priest permanently '' even Jesus... ) again bringeth in the antitype no existence the doctrine is even more Popular than the belonging. `` but Christ the Son of God, would require two literal eternal High priests, to held... Notice that the history presented was taken up in the Psalm perfect archetype defines as follows: `` is...