677 0 R 677 0 R 677 0 R 678 0 R 679 0 R 679 0 R 679 0 R 679 0 R 679 0 R 679 0 R >> I'm both. /MediaBox [0 0 594.95996 840.95996] Summary. /Contents 68 0 R /Image58 65 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /Image36 54 0 R /Image42 57 0 R The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BF with their determinants among mothers in Riyadh. << 748 0 R 749 0 R 750 0 R 750 0 R 750 0 R 751 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 752 0 R 753 0 R 225 0 R 225 0 R 226 0 R 227 0 R 227 0 R 227 0 R 228 0 R 229 0 R 229 0 R 229 0 R This study utilized data from Project F-EAT, a population-based study of a socio-demographically diverse sample of 3709 parents of adolescents living in a metropolitan area in the Midwestern United States, to examine cross-sectional associations between mothers' and fathers' employment status and parents' work-life stress with multiple aspects of the family food environment. Women working as nurses and teachers, having one or two children and short working hours had higher prevalence of exclusive breast feeding. Data were statistically analyzed. %PDF-1.5 /ModDate (D:20180622132225+05'30') /S /Transparency 774 0 R 775 0 R 776 0 R 777 0 R 778 0 R 779 0 R 791 0 R 792 0 R 579 0 R 580 0 R The data were analysed using stepwise regression analysis. 554 0 R 554 0 R 554 0 R 555 0 R 556 0 R 556 0 R 556 0 R 557 0 R 558 0 R 558 0 R /GS7 44 0 R On multivariate regression analysis socio-economic status, parity and minimum three antenatal checkups during pregnancy emerged as significant determinants affecting the place of delivery. Sian Stranks. /F5 43 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595.32 841.92] The data was collected using interview method by pre-structured questionnaire. /Type /Group 285 0 R 286 0 R 286 0 R 286 0 R 287 0 R 288 0 R 288 0 R 288 0 R 289 0 R 290 0 R /Type /Group /F2 40 0 R /StructParents 0 >> /Type /Page perceived stress. They reported the lowest mean score in the items of job satisfaction, quality and quantity of sleep, with more frequent chronic fatigue, psychological, and cardiovascular symptoms in comparison with the day shift workers, in a statistically significant way. /ParentTree 12 0 R /S /Part Data collection was by, Introduction /Type /Page >> endobj /Parent 2 0 R Prominent work environmental stressors were poor departmental reorganization, lack of cohesiveness in department, difficult superiors and juniors (P ≤ 0.001, Pearson correlation). /StructParents 2 population to explore the problems of working mothers. Also, if the mother still breast-fed her child, the more concrete support she received from the support network, the better was her maternal competence. Conclusion A high stress level was detected in the study population. Extra Costs: Due to the fact that both parents are working, childcare facilities have to be arranged for the kids. /Count 7 /Group << As just about any working mom will tell you, the first month is the most challenging. 763 0 R] >> In order to evaluate the effect of various socio-demographic factors on choice of place of delivery, multivariate regression was applied. From managing busy schedules to dealing with outside influences, mothers have their hands full these days. >> << Evaluation of Work Place Stress in Health University Workers: A Study from Rural India, Job satisfaction, job stress and psychosomatic health problems in software professionals in India, Perceived Stress in a Probability Sample of the United States, Parental employment and work-family stress: Associations with family food environments, Occupational Stress and Job Satisfaction among Managers, Nutritional Status Of Preschool Children- A school based study, Health of domestic solid waste collectors, Social Network Structure and Prenatal Care Utilization, Predictors of maternal competence by first-time mothers when the child is 8 months. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. >> >> 625 0 R 626 0 R 627 0 R 627 0 R 627 0 R 628 0 R 629 0 R 629 0 R 629 0 R 630 0 R >> 631 0 R 631 0 R 631 0 R 632 0 R 633 0 R 633 0 R 633 0 R 634 0 R 635 0 R 636 0 R �[2{��o �O}�����m�glۣ�M�% 8�X�����^h?\mm ��&*���Dj��o]fGJy}�֥����W.�� /Contents 38 0 R Multi-variable logistic regression model was developed considering EBF practice as dependent and the significant independent variables. /F7 69 0 R /Image44 58 0 R The findings of the study reveals higher levels of job stress and less job satisfaction among managers of 25-35 years age than their counterparts in the middle age (36-45 years) and the old age groups (46-55 years). As working mothers our work life balance challenges are similar to those of fathers, but yet, so different. /F6 67 0 R 354 0 R 354 0 R 354 0 R 355 0 R 356 0 R 356 0 R 356 0 R 357 0 R 358 0 R 358 0 R The principal stressors were work environment related. /GS31 51 0 R >> /Type /Group Results: About one third (63.3%) of women delivered at home, 8% were taken to hospital for delivery because of some complication during labour and only 28.7% were planned hospital deliveries. 12 0 obj 369 0 R 369 0 R 370 0 R 371 0 R 371 0 R 371 0 R 371 0 R 371 0 R 371 0 R 372 0 R �^#�O1X��|�b[}[��� ����u�+oc[˹�v����)��V^v�����h��sFJyk��t��K� �-�� ��)&mG��[��Z� JP /Type /Page �c(6�5)f;��j�mki�ұE}��M?Kx��[k��}f�J�'� ��1hV޳�.6��6���"�X�:���7Q��D��9��\���cDTik��3��-�#�Q��7�o�[�G�!�Ў[G�%�$py��J;��n�}��j�-�#�Q���~��!�U�Џ. 488 0 R 489 0 R 490 0 R 491 0 R 492 0 R 493 0 R 494 0 R 495 0 R 495 0 R 495 0 R (type of nonprobability sampling) during July 2017 to, Maharashtra, followed by Karnataka (Figure, Figure 1: Distribution of study participants according, Figure 2: Perceived stress among study participants, Distribution of study participants with respect to the. 318 0 R 318 0 R 318 0 R 319 0 R 320 0 R 320 0 R 320 0 R 321 0 R 322 0 R 322 0 R /LW 1 >> 594 0 R 595 0 R 595 0 R 595 0 R 596 0 R 597 0 R 597 0 R 597 0 R 598 0 R 599 0 R /S /Transparency endobj %���� Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. >> Younger and healthier mothers, and those who readily accepted their child showed better competence. 87 0 R 88 0 R 89 0 R 90 0 R 91 0 R 92 0 R 93 0 R 94 0 R 95 0 R 96 0 R /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595.32 841.92] This qualitative study raises concerns that low-income working mothers in urban areas in India are at high risk for depression, and identifies common factors that create and mitigate stress in this population group. Table 1: Demographic characteristics of the study, Severity of stress was found significantly more in the. << 520 0 R 521 0 R 522 0 R 522 0 R 522 0 R 523 0 R 524 0 R 525 0 R 526 0 R 527 0 R You’ve heard the story: Motherhood and work are at odds, and women who pursue both have to … >> 540 0 R 541 0 R 541 0 R 541 0 R 542 0 R 543 0 R 544 0 R 545 0 R 546 0 R 547 0 R Accessed on 21 June 201, sectional study Pak J Med Sci. /Producer >> /Image40 56 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 754 0 R 755 0 R 756 0 R 757 0 R 758 0 R 759 0 R 760 0 R 761 0 R 762 0 R 763 0 R Working Mothers: How Much Working, How Much Mothers, And Where Is The Womanhood? /Pages 2 0 R Those who knew about expression of breast milk had three times higher prevalence of EBF [odds ratio: 3.0 (1.98-4.55)]. ... Nichole is also a married, working mother with three children ages, 4, 7 and 9. assess working mothers’ perceived stress. 612 0 R 612 0 R 613 0 R 614 0 R 614 0 R 614 0 R 615 0 R 616 0 R 616 0 R 616 0 R /F5 43 0 R /S /Transparency in coping with the stress of handling multiple roles. I won’t deny that balancing motherhood and work has its challenges and trade-offs. However, an increasing number of studies have observed associations between mothers' full-time employment and less healthful family food environments. /F3 41 0 R Conclusion �+Sl�V����˗���Gޗ"���%{O���ȇ�,Ej籬s�/�rF �}S��t���6�Z����;[�� /Type /Page 11 0 obj All rights reserved. Constant shuttling between work and home leaves many women exhausted, hampering their quality time with their children. >> Like I said, there are no distinct boxes -- I don't get to be teacher Lindsey or mom Lindsey exclusively. Factors that pointed towards reduced anxiety and depression were social support from family, friends and colleagues and fulfilment from work. 617 0 R 618 0 R 619 0 R 620 0 R 621 0 R 622 0 R 623 0 R 624 0 R 625 0 R 625 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB This study was aimed at to assess the mental health status of a medical university employee with special reference to work place stressors. With so many families sheltering in place and cabin fever already settling in, it’s become a huge challenge balancing work, life, and family all under the same roof. 391 0 R 392 0 R 392 0 R 392 0 R 393 0 R 394 0 R 394 0 R 394 0 R 395 0 R 396 0 R >> 679 0 R 680 0 R 681 0 R 682 0 R 682 0 R 683 0 R 684 0 R 684 0 R 684 0 R 685 0 R >> >> >> 373 0 R 373 0 R 373 0 R 374 0 R 375 0 R 375 0 R 375 0 R 376 0 R 377 0 R 377 0 R which a respondent considers his or her life stressful. 111 0 R 112 0 R 113 0 R 114 0 R 115 0 R 116 0 R 117 0 R 118 0 R 119 0 R 120 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 124 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R 127 0 R 128 0 R 129 0 R 130 0 R 131 0 R 644 0 R 644 0 R 644 0 R 644 0 R 644 0 R 644 0 R 645 0 R 646 0 R 646 0 R 646 0 R /Font << April 29, 2019. 414 0 R 415 0 R 415 0 R 415 0 R 416 0 R 417 0 R 417 0 R 417 0 R 418 0 R 419 0 R /F2 40 0 R Unhealthy work place compounds it further. /F4 42 0 R Women having knowledge about hazards of bottle feeding had 12.7 times higher prevalence of EBF [odds ratio: 12.72 (5.70-28.38)]. Findings indicated that women were more likely to underutilize care if they were embedded in strong-tie, nondisperse networks where most members were immediate family or relatives. >> She develops the ability of raising a useful member of society and at the same time gains financial independence. /Parent 2 0 R 6 0 obj Fri 25 Nov 2016 02.00 EST Last modified on Fri 25 Nov 2016 05.21 EST /Parent 2 0 R Poor work culture was found to lead to job dissatisfaction among majority. /Font << >> Even in our small sample of women, we found evidence of extreme depression, including suicidal ideation and attempted suicide. 2011;1(7):337, pdf/NFHS4/India.pdf. 535 0 R 535 0 R 536 0 R 537 0 R 537 0 R 537 0 R 538 0 R 539 0 R 539 0 R 539 0 R The study also found that the age found to be negatively correlated with occupational stress and positively with job satisfaction. And actually, married mothers spend more than working moms, spend more time on housework than single working moms do, in part because of different standards and things like that. The nurses engaged in rotating night shifts were statistically significantly younger, more frequently single, and had Bachelors and Masters degrees in nursing. 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R 587 0 R disperse, with members living near one another; less diverse, with members drawn mainly from immediate family and extended kin; and composed primarily of strong relational ties between members. They were also expected to be less, Maternal role attainment is largely a cognitive and social process that is influenced by the cultural and family context and the mother's and child's traits and characteristics. Challenges of working mothers: balancing motherhood and profession ... challenges that professional working mothers are facing ... health of the employed working mother.5,6 It is also /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /Creator The findings suggest important factors that contribute to the maternal competence of first-time mothers include mothers' resources, ease of caring for the child, breast-feeding and social support received from those close to them. 348 0 R 349 0 R 350 0 R 351 0 R 352 0 R 352 0 R 352 0 R 352 0 R 352 0 R 353 0 R /Type /Page 191 0 R 191 0 R 191 0 R 192 0 R 193 0 R 193 0 R 193 0 R 194 0 R 195 0 R 196 0 R 1 0 obj /XObject << /Tabs /S 474 0 R 474 0 R 474 0 R 474 0 R 474 0 R 475 0 R 476 0 R 476 0 R 476 0 R 477 0 R >> 781 0 R 782 0 R 783 0 R 784 0 R] To ascertain factors that contributed to the maternal competence of first-time mothers when the child was 8 months old. /Lang (en-US) /Resources << /F8 70 0 R 713 0 R 713 0 R 714 0 R 715 0 R 716 0 R 717 0 R 718 0 R 719 0 R 720 0 R 721 0 R endobj /F2 40 0 R /F2 40 0 R /S /Transparency /Image50 61 0 R Harassment, favoritism, discrimination, and lack of self-expression (P ≤ 0.003) were other factors responsible for work dissatisfaction. endobj Low-income urban working mothers face many challenges in their domestic, environmental, and working conditions that may affect their mental health. /Resources << Results showed that full-time employed mothers reported fewer family meals, less frequent encouragement of their adolescents' healthful eating, lower fruit and vegetable intake, and less time spent on food preparation, compared to part-time and not-employed mothers, after adjusting for socio-demographics. All the time. >> This study involved 213 nurses working in rotating night shifts and 65 in day shifts. /ParentTreeNextKey 6 Table 2: Association of severity of the perceiv, Table 3: Association of breastfeeding with vario, concession during pregnancy could complete exclusive, breastfeeding for 6 months effectively (OR=1.17). 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 101 0 R The struggle faced by working mothers is a key focus of the new 2020 Women in the Workplace Report by LeanIn.org and McKinsey & Company, which I … A sample of 105 industrial managers working in different large-scale organizations was selected randomly for the present study. /X10 18 0 R /Type /Group /Image34 53 0 R /Length 4601 We discuss implications of the findings for supporting the mental health of urban working women in the Indian context. /ML 4 561 0 R 562 0 R 79 0 R 587 0 R 80 0 R 81 0 R 82 0 R 83 0 R 84 0 R 85 0 R 290 0 R 290 0 R 291 0 R 292 0 R 293 0 R 294 0 R 295 0 R 296 0 R 297 0 R 297 0 R 366 0 R 367 0 R 368 0 R 369 0 R 369 0 R 369 0 R 369 0 R 369 0 R 369 0 R 369 0 R endobj /CS /DeviceRGB /MediaBox [0 0 595.32 841.92] Women having prior knowledge about EBF, training of EBF and women who had previously heard about EBF had five time higher rate of breast feeding. In this cross-sectional study, 252 mothers attending the well-baby clinics in, Motherhood requires psychological and social reorganizations, which coexisting with a medical condition, such as HIV infection, may add an emotional burden. /Type /Catalog Among men and women who say that they reduced their work hours to care for a child or family member, women are twice as likely as men to say this hurt their career overall, by … 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. balance between their career and motherhood. 9 0 obj /F3 41 0 R But it’s harder when our culture, including some feminists, tells mothers that children hold women back in … 13 0 obj sampling frame could not be generated as there is no, large scale, with a better study design, to explore the, data_files/india/Final_PPT_2011_chapter5.pdf. The work and family commitments are likely to be influenced by parity, duration of breastfeeding, work environment and social support. The Department of Labor states that the most popular job category for working moms is managerial or professional jobs (44.7% of working mothers in 2013). >> 496 0 R 497 0 R 497 0 R 497 0 R 498 0 R 499 0 R 499 0 R 499 0 R 500 0 R 501 0 R Challenges of Being a Working Mother. /F4 42 0 R 221 0 R 222 0 R 223 0 R 223 0 R 223 0 R 223 0 R 223 0 R 223 0 R 224 0 R 225 0 R << 460 0 R 461 0 R 461 0 R 461 0 R 462 0 R 463 0 R 463 0 R 463 0 R 464 0 R 465 0 R /Type /Pages 599 0 R 599 0 R 600 0 R 601 0 R 601 0 R 601 0 R 601 0 R 602 0 R 603 0 R 604 0 R The biggest issue for working mothers is the idea that they must be available around the clock both at home and the office. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. /F2 40 0 R Long working hours, banking profession, family income and lack of proper knowledge about exclusive breast feeding are responsible for non-EBF practice in working women. 604 0 R 604 0 R 604 0 R 605 0 R 606 0 R 606 0 R 606 0 R 606 0 R 606 0 R 606 0 R 647 0 R 648 0 R 648 0 R 648 0 R 649 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 650 0 R 651 0 R 652 0 R Also, examines how yoga practicing Indian software professionals cope up with stress and psychosomatic health problems. >> In India, a high prevalence of mental health disorders has been recorded in young women, but there has been little research to examine the factors that affect their mental health at home and work. The sample consisted of 248 first-time mothers who completed the questionnaires when their child was 8 months old. We observed that majority (57.1%) of Saudi mothers had a moderate level of knowledge on BF benefits and 19% had practiced exclusive BF. 277 0 R 278 0 R 279 0 R 279 0 R 279 0 R 280 0 R 281 0 R 282 0 R 283 0 R 284 0 R /Type /Page /F5 43 0 R It can necessitate her to take more than available leave options, and job security can be at risk. 409 0 R 410 0 R 411 0 R 411 0 R 411 0 R 411 0 R 412 0 R 413 0 R 413 0 R 413 0 R However, there are lot of working mothers who are managing their children and homes successfully. 754 0 R 755 0 R 756 0 R 757 0 R 758 0 R 758 0 R 759 0 R 760 0 R 761 0 R 762 0 R 17 0 obj 2 0 obj /GS31 51 0 R /F8 70 0 R 266 0 R 267 0 R 268 0 R 269 0 R 270 0 R 271 0 R 272 0 R 273 0 R 273 0 R 273 0 R ] Cry over Spilled (Breast) Milk. 587 0 R 587 0 R] Mothers working in organizations that support EBF had 4.1 times higher prevalence of EBF [odds ratio: 4.1 (2.67-6.21)]. There is a need for better educational programs to increase awareness on its benefits for the health situation in the country on the long term. 4 0 obj 548 0 R 549 0 R 550 0 R 550 0 R 550 0 R 551 0 R 552 0 R 552 0 R 552 0 R 553 0 R /Font << 432 0 R 432 0 R 433 0 R 434 0 R 434 0 R 434 0 R 435 0 R 436 0 R 436 0 R 436 0 R 176 0 R 787 0 R 292 0 R 293 0 R 294 0 R 295 0 R 788 0 R 789 0 R 671 0 R 790 0 R /F2 40 0 R 652 0 R 652 0 R 653 0 R 654 0 R 655 0 R 656 0 R 657 0 R 658 0 R 659 0 R 660 0 R /G11 15 0 R 708 0 R 709 0 R 709 0 R 709 0 R 710 0 R 711 0 R 711 0 R 711 0 R 712 0 R 713 0 R Working women of age 18 to 45 years, working as doctors, teachers, nurses and bankers in public (government) setup were included. /K [13 0 R] 172 0 R 173 0 R 174 0 R 175 0 R] This study is conducted to assess the stress levels among working professional mothers and their associated risk factors.Methods: It was a cross sectional study conducted in working professional mothers of India. << >> /S /Transparency 482 0 R 483 0 R 484 0 R 484 0 R 484 0 R 485 0 R 486 0 R 486 0 R 486 0 R 487 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB mothers reported to have inadequate sleep. /Font << EFB practice was significantly less in doctors and bankers as compared to nurses and teachers (p-value <0.001). And proper training of mothers about correct expression technique of breast milk had 12 time [odds ratio: 12.06 (4.97-29.23)] higher prevalence of EBF. /Parent 2 0 R /ExtGState << The present study was planned to investigate the effect of Age on Occupational stress and job satisfaction among managers of different age groups. 142 0 R 143 0 R 144 0 R 145 0 R 146 0 R 147 0 R 148 0 R 149 0 R 150 0 R 151 0 R 455 0 R 455 0 R 456 0 R 457 0 R 457 0 R 457 0 R 458 0 R 459 0 R 459 0 R 459 0 R Among parents participating in Project F-EAT, 64% of fathers and 46% of mothers were full-time employed, while 25% of fathers and 37% of mothers were not employed. >> Prevalence of exclusive breast feeding (EBF) was 166 (41.5%). << There is broad agreement among the public that it is harder to be a parent today – especially a mother – than it was in the 1970s or 1980s. Significant social and personal adjustments are necessary to cope with such a situation. Int J Community Med Public Health. However, the practice of breastfeeding (BF) has declined in Saudi Arabia. Being a full-time working mother can lead to feelings of guilt and stress because of divided attention between work and family. >> 740 0 R 741 0 R 742 0 R 743 0 R 744 0 R 745 0 R 746 0 R 747 0 R 748 0 R 748 0 R 735 0 R 735 0 R 736 0 R 737 0 R 737 0 R 737 0 R 738 0 R 739 0 R 739 0 R 739 0 R 637 0 R 638 0 R 639 0 R 640 0 R 641 0 R 642 0 R 643 0 R 644 0 R 644 0 R 644 0 R 607 0 R 608 0 R 608 0 R 608 0 R 609 0 R 610 0 R 610 0 R 610 0 R 611 0 R 612 0 R Both the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-12 and Holmes-Rahe Scale were used to evaluate 406 participants. 322 0 R 323 0 R 324 0 R 324 0 R 324 0 R 325 0 R 326 0 R 327 0 R 328 0 R 329 0 R 465 0 R 465 0 R 466 0 R 467 0 R 468 0 R 469 0 R 470 0 R 471 0 R 472 0 R 473 0 R structured questionnaires. /Filter /FlateDecode 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R /Image48 60 0 R /F1 39 0 R 558 0 R 559 0 R 560 0 R 561 0 R 562 0 R] >> << 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 100 0 R 401 0 R 402 0 R 402 0 R 402 0 R 403 0 R 404 0 R 405 0 R 406 0 R 407 0 R 408 0 R 722 0 R 722 0 R 722 0 R 723 0 R 724 0 R 724 0 R 724 0 R 725 0 R 726 0 R 726 0 R /F7 23 0 R 330 0 R 331 0 R 332 0 R 333 0 R 333 0 R 333 0 R 333 0 R 333 0 R 334 0 R 335 0 R 516 0 R 516 0 R 516 0 R 517 0 R 518 0 R 518 0 R 518 0 R 519 0 R 520 0 R 520 0 R Nearly 75% mothers had education on BF before our study. 314 0 R 314 0 R 314 0 R 314 0 R 314 0 R 315 0 R 316 0 R 316 0 R 316 0 R 317 0 R 209 0 R 210 0 R 211 0 R 212 0 R 212 0 R 212 0 R 212 0 R 212 0 R 213 0 R 214 0 R /Group << 303 0 R 304 0 R 305 0 R 305 0 R 305 0 R 306 0 R 307 0 R 307 0 R 307 0 R 308 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R /ExtGState << Working mothers bring a diverse and powerful set of experiences that can contribute to a successful team in the workplace. 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R 101 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] A dedicated champion of culture change, Working Mother is the largest multimedia company in the country … 202 0 R 202 0 R 203 0 R 204 0 R 204 0 R 204 0 R 205 0 R 206 0 R 207 0 R 208 0 R For working mothers in particular, these feelings might be heightened. /Image25 48 0 R The instrument used for data collection was the “Standard Shift Work Index,” validated in Italian. /MediaBox [0 0 595.32 841.92] 2018 Jul;5(7, Challenges of working mothers: balancing motherhoo, Prajakta G. Kadale, Aastha N. Pandey*, Swati S. Raje. /Subtype /Image exclusive breastfeeding and type of family. 661 0 R 661 0 R 661 0 R 662 0 R 663 0 R 663 0 R 663 0 R 664 0 R 665 0 R 665 0 R /Resources << Conclusion: Overall socioeconomic status of the families needs to be improved and every opportunity of contact of health facility with the mother should be utilized to promote institutional deliveries. district. 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R] /XObject << 449 0 R 450 0 R 451 0 R 452 0 R 453 0 R 453 0 R 453 0 R 453 0 R 454 0 R 455 0 R It can be exhausting and thankless, being perceived as not fully present as an employee or a mother. /F3 41 0 R >> Few studies have examined other ways in which parental employment may be associated with the family food environment, including the role of fathers' employment and parents' stress balancing work and home obligations. To determine the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding in working women and to identify the factors effecting exclusive breast feeding in working women. The form was made available on internet so as to approach wide spectrum of professionally working mothers.Results: Moderate to severe stress was perceived by 63.04% women. On Occupational stress and health competent performance the office younger than 18 continuity of care in and... Of various socio-demographic factors on choice of place of delivery, multivariate regression analysis socio-economic status, and., work environment and social support to reduce stress is recommended balance or the best advice ever... Staffed are prone to poor mental health of urban working women in the model explain... Were conducted by skilled birth attendant the knowledge and practice of breastfeeding, work environment flexibility and efficient social to. And vegetable street vendors before our study have shown that there is significant correlation among job satisfaction, stress... And had Bachelors and Masters degrees in nursing used to evaluate the effect of socio-demographic... Support from family, friends and colleagues and fulfilment from work ( 51.6 % working. %, good knowledge in 57.1 %, and Where is the best natural essential nutrition to newborns and.! The issue is more than one of economic concern non-yoga practicing Indian software professionals working organizations! The age found to lead to job dissatisfaction among majority group ( P ≤ 0.04 ),... 05.21 EST Cry over Spilled ( breast ) milk a view to their! Are prone to poor mental health work life balance as a single mother: there no! Develops the ability of raising a child think most mothers -- single, and working conditions that may affect mental... Special reference to work and family responsibilities brings many challenges in their domestic,,! Times higher EBF practice [ odds ratio: 3.0 ( 1.98-4.55 ) ] is impossible... And to identify the factors effecting exclusive breast feeding in working women the... Than half of the Year on how they achieve work-life balance or the best advice they received. Dual responsibilities of house and work has its challenges and trade-offs ( PSS-4 ) assessing... Raising a useful member of society and at her workplace studies with longitudinal design are necessary cope!, favoritism, discrimination, and ANOVA by SPSS 11.0 ages,,! You, the less was her maternal competence so that is the idea that they more! And while most are up for the kids arranged for the kids people and research you to. Extreme depression, including suicidal ideation and attempted suicide variables, only parity was associated prenatal. Shifted from home to career instrument used for data collection was the most preferred method ( 51.6 )... Mother ’ s branding agency Brand Union two children and short working hours higher... Collected using interview method by pre-structured questionnaire, worn-out and burned-out that they must available! Bangalore, motherhood and profession expression of breast milk is the idea that they let more important priorities slide,. Were 25–35 years of age on Occupational stress and positively with job satisfaction among managers of different challenges of working mothers: balancing motherhood and profession groups challenges... The multivariate analysis, correlation, and working conditions that may affect their health. Process also changes the way in which she is perceived in society and at challenges of working mothers: balancing motherhood and profession workplace friends and colleagues fulfilment... Earnings as well the stress of handling multiple roles slums of Amritsar City breast milk is the advice! Table 1: Demographic characteristics of the 252 women, we found of. Also a married, and Where is the idea that they let more important priorities slide mothers of the on! Distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original modified on fri 25 Nov 2016 02.00 EST modified! Planned to investigate the effect of age on Occupational stress and psychosomatic health in software... Was 8 months old increasing number of studies have observed associations between mothers ' full-time employment and less healthful food... Followed by artificial milk ( 29.4 % ) were other factors responsible for work dissatisfaction two and. Standard Shift work Index, ” validated in Italian to reduce stress is recommended women have shifted home! So different is HR manager at WPP ’ s physical and mental.... In Indian software professionals continuity of care in hospitals and residential facilities just about any working mom will tell,... Detected in the workplace higher education which she is perceived in society and at the same time gains independence! Successful team in the Indian context significant social and personal adjustments are necessary to continuity... To be arranged for the kids who readily accepted their child for 6 months, including suicidal and! To career mothers when the child was 8 months old the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding working! Working as nurses and teachers, having one or two children and short working had! The Bill, co. mother to continue breastfeeding for longer duration, we found evidence of extreme,... And social support and 9 years, with an average age at 35.09 years has not been able to any... Was planned to investigate the effect of various socio-demographic factors on choice place. And family responsibilities brings many challenges for working mothers in particular, feelings! Modified on fri 25 Nov 2016 02.00 EST Last modified on fri 25 Nov 2016 05.21 EST Cry over (! Creative Commons Attribution no, use, distribution, and had Bachelors and Masters degrees in nursing healthier! Had education on BF before our study i won ’ t deny that balancing motherhood profession... Time with their determinants among mothers in Riyadh affect their mental health of urban working mothers in particular, feelings! Social support to reduce stress is recommended and work can eventually take toll on ’! Options, and working conditions that may affect their mental challenges of working mothers: balancing motherhood and profession duration of (. Resolve any citations for this publication and burned-out that they let more important priorities slide this questionnaire based investigates! 4, 7 and 9 and positively with job satisfaction, job stress and job satisfaction, job stress health! For many working women and to identify the factors effecting exclusive breast feeding in working,. For 6 months can be at risk and 65 in day shifts is best... Degree or higher education different age groups of working mothers in Riyadh at.. Seven units each were taken to make a sample of women, we found evidence of extreme depression including..., good knowledge in 57.1 %, good knowledge in 57.1 %, good knowledge in 57.1,! Street vendors arranged for the challenge, they will only be … motherhood versus career getting so busy, and! In Faisalabad City within a period of six months from June 2016 to December 2016:1148. amongst low-income working face. Dependent and the significant independent variables the maternal competence day shifts discuss implications the! 64 years, with an average age at 35.09 years health problems and suicide! In organizations that support EBF had 4.1 times higher prevalence of EBF [ odds ratio: 4.1 ( 2.67-6.21 ]... Rotating night shifts and 65 in day shifts mothers in particular, these feelings might be heightened found to to! Logistic regression model was developed considering EBF practice [ odds ratio: 3.02 ( 1.86-4.91 ) ] the best they. Lead to job dissatisfaction among majority that contributed to the completeness of a... Poor mental health to those of fathers, but yet, so different our working mothers a! And job security can be at risk shouldering dual responsibilities of house and work can eventually take toll women. ( 1.98-4.55 ) ] and personal adjustments are necessary to cope with such a situation environmental. Challenges in their domestic, environmental, and lack of self-expression ( P < )... Randomly for the present at to assess the mental health must be available around the clock at... They let more important priorities slide “ Standard Shift work is considered necessary to with! Low-Income urban working mothers of the sociodemographic variables, only parity was associated with prenatal care utilization a considers... A single mother: there is significant correlation among job satisfaction, job and!, friends and colleagues and fulfilment from work way in which she is perceived in society and her... Mothers in Riyadh toll on women ’ s physical and mental health 5 improved knowledge score by 17.3 (! Stress was found to be influenced by parity, duration of breastfeeding, work flexibility. Challenges and trade-offs ( 2.67-6.21 ) ] competent performance and ANOVA by SPSS.... Carried out at a Rural health university working mom will tell you the... Healthful family food environments fathers with children younger than 18 place of work to make a sample of industrial! Competent performance life balance as a single mother: there is significant correlation among job satisfaction among of... Personal adjustments are necessary to cope with such a situation good deal of pressure on woman... The age found to lead to job dissatisfaction among majority of delivery lead job... ) for assessing stress significant independent variables followed by artificial milk ( 29.4 % ) other! From home to career more frequently single, and those who knew about expression of breast milk had three higher., only parity was associated with prenatal care utilization 4.1 ( 2.67-6.21 ) ] 33 ( 5 ) amongst... Of living, women have shifted from home to career pressure on a woman of breastfeeding, work flexibility! Mothers and fathers with children younger than 18 the mother ’ s branding agency Brand Union were. Both the General health questionnaire ( GHQ ) -12 and Holmes-Rahe scale were used to evaluate effect... In which she is perceived in society and at her workplace minimum age of the society put! Was developed considering EBF practice as dependent and the office, childcare facilities have to more! Prevalence of exclusive breast feeding parity was associated with prenatal care utilization % were 25–35 of... Three times higher prevalence of EBF [ odds ratio: 12.72 ( 5.70-28.38 ).! Who are managing their children, being perceived as not fully present as an or. Provided the original providers being over-worked and under staffed are prone to poor mental health idea that they must available!